Aculeata
(aculeates: bees, wasps and ants)

Subtaxon Example images Rank Subtaxa
with images
No of
ID refs
Female - dorsal view - wings apart (Click to view)Female - dorsal view (Click to view)Female - postero-dorsal view - wings spread (Click to view)Female - dorsal view (Click to view)
Superfamily 66 illustrated subtaxa 60 ident. refs
Female - dorsal view (Click to view)Dryinid parasite on Homopteran bug - dorsal view (Click to view)Female - dorsal view (Click to view)
Superfamily 16 illustrated subtaxa 37 ident. refs
Male - dorsal view (Click to view)
Superfamily 28 illustrated subtaxa 33 ident. refs
Female - dorsal view - wings spread (Click to view)
Superfamily 8 illustrated subtaxa 6 ident. refs
Male - dorsal view - wings spread (Click to view)
Superfamily 16 illustrated subtaxa 14 ident. refs
Male - dorsal view (Click to view)Mating pair - side view (Click to view)
Superfamily 16 illustrated subtaxa 31 ident. refs
Dorsal view (Click to view)
Unidentified
Taxonomic hierarchy:
InfraorderAculeata (aculeates: bees, wasps and ants)
SuborderAPOCRITA (bees, wasps, ants and parasitoids)
OrderHYMENOPTERA (ants, bees and wasps, sawflies and parasitoid wasps)
Division Endopterygota (bees, beetles, flies, moths and other insects with wings developing internally)
InfraclassNeoptera (bees, beetles, flies, grasshoppers, moths and other advanced insects)
SubclassPTERYGOTA (bees, beetles, dragonflies, flies, grasshoppers, moths and other winged insects)
ClassINSECTA (true insects)
SubphylumHEXAPODA (insects and other 6-legged organisms)
PhylumARTHROPODA (arthropods)
SuperphylumECDYSOZOA (skin shedders)
CladeBilateria (bilaterally symmetrical animals)
SubkingdomEUMETAZOA (metazoans)
KingdomANIMALIA (animals)
DomainEukaryota (eukaryotes)
LifeBIOTA (living things)

Identification Works

BioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 287 general literature references relevant to Aculeata (aculeates: bees, wasps and ants)

Aculeata (aculeates: bees, wasps and ants) may also be covered by identification literature listed under the following higher taxa:

BioInfoBioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 950 host/parasite/foodplant and/or other relationships for Aculeata (aculeates: bees, wasps and ants)
Aculeates are a difficult group to identitify, even from specimens, but these are usually needed for certain identification, at least until you're reasonably expert with the group.

Aculeates tend become rigid on death. To get relaxed specimens for setting, kill in the freezer then leave overnight.

Specimens should be set with the legs pulled down away from the body to facilitate examination of the sides of the thorax. Try to ensure the leading edges of the hindwings are hooked onto the trailing edges of the forewings, as they are in life. The wings can be left in the vertical position, or positioned so they are flat, but should not be allowed to obscure the upper surface of the abdomen. Ideally, the jaws should be held open as the number of teeth is often important.
Like Calyptrate flies, Aculeates tend become rigid on death. To get relaxed specimens for posing for focus-stacked photography, kill in the freezer then leave overnight.
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