BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (UK)

Endopterygota (bees, beetles, flies, moths and other insects with wings developing internally)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Division (Zoo.))

COLEOPTERA Linnaeus, 1758 (beetles)
ADEPHAGA (water and ground beetles), eg: Carabus (Eucarabus) arvensis (a ground beetle) - Dorsal (water beetles), eg: Hygrobia hermanni (Screech Beetle, Squeak Beetle) - Adult - dorsal view CHRYSOMELOIDEA (leaf, longhorn and seed beetles), eg: Rhagium (Megarhagium) mordax (Oak Longhorn, Black-spotted Longhorn Beetle) - Adult - visiting Hawthorn MALACHIIDAE (a family of beetles), eg: Malachius bipustulatus (Malachite Beetle) - Male - dorsal view POLYPHAGA (mainly terrestrial beetles), eg: Triplax aenea (a shiny fungus beetle) - Adult - dorsal view ZOPHERIDAE (a family of beetles), eg: Bitoma crenata (a narrow timber beetle) - Dorsal view - close-up Unidentified Coleoptera (Unidentified Beetles), eg: Unidentified Coleoptera (Unidentified Beetles) - Adult - dorsal view
Order 608 subtaxa 765 ident refs
DIPTERA (two-winged flies)
BRACHYCERA (short-horned flies), eg: Volucella zonaria (a hoverfly) - Male - latero-dorsal view - visiting flower NEMATOCERA (thread-horned flies, gnat), eg: Sylvicola fenestralis (a window gnat) - Female - dorsal view Unidentified Diptera (Unidentified Two-winged Flies), eg: Unidentified Diptera (Unidentified Two-winged Flies) - Lateral view
Order 922 subtaxa 727 ident refs
HYMENOPTERA (ants, bees and wasps, sawflies and parasitoid wasps)
APOCRITA (bees, wasps, ants and parasitoids), eg: Priocnemis (Priocnemis) agilis (a spider-hunting wasp) - Female - dorsal view - wings spread SYMPHYTA (sawflies), eg: Tenthredo (Tenthredo) brevicornis (a sawfly) - Female - dorsal view
Order 583 subtaxa 635 ident refs
LEPIDOPTERA (butterflies and moths)
SESIOIDEA (clearwings), eg: Pyropteron muscaeformis (Thrift Clearwing) - At flower - dorsal view SPHINGOIDEA (hawk or sphinx moths), eg: Deilephila elpenor (Elephant Hawk-moth) - Adult - dorsal view ARCTIIDAE (tiger moths), eg: Spilosoma lubricipeda (White Ermine) - Male - dorsal view CATOCALINAE (a subfamily of shuttle moths), eg: Euclidia mi (Mother Shipton) - Dorsal view (Leaf-miner moths) (moths with leaf-mining larvae), eg: Coleophora trochilella (Verge Case-bearer) - Adult - dorsal view (Microlepidoptera) (micro-moths), eg: Dasycera oliviella (Scarce Forest Tubic) - Adult - dorsal view GLOSSATA (a suborder of moths), eg: Trichiura crataegi (Pale Eggar) - Adult - wings apart RHOPALOCERA (butterflies), eg: Lasiommata megera (Wall, Wall Brown) - Male - upperside - wings apart ZEUGLOPTERA (jawed micro-moths), eg: Micropterix aruncella (White-barred Gold) - Female - dorsal view Unidentified Lepidoptera (Unidentified Butterflies and Moths), eg: Unidentified Lepidoptera (Unidentified Butterflies and Moths) - Cocoon - one birch leaf peeled off
Order 715 subtaxa 460 ident refs
MECOPTERA (scorpion flies)
PANORPIDAE (scorpion flies), eg: Panorpa communis (a scorpion fly) - Male - dorsal view
Order 4 subtaxa 2 ident refs
MEGALOPTERA (alderflies)
SIALIDAE (alder flies), eg: Unidentified Sialis (Unidentified Alderflies) - Dorsal view - in situ
Order 1 subtaxon 3 ident refs
NEUROPTERA (lacewings)
CHRYSOPIDAE (green lacewings), eg: Chrysoperla lucasina (a green lacewing) - Left wings CONIOPTERYGIDAE (white lacewings), eg: Unidentified Conwentzia (Unidentified Conwentia White Lacewings) - Lateral view HEMEROBIIFORMIA (a suborder of lacewings), eg: Micromus paganus (a brown lacewing) - Top view Unidentified Neuroptera (Unidentified Lacewings), eg: Unidentified Neuroptera (Unidentified Lacewings) - Nymphs - dorsal view
Order 19 subtaxa 9 ident refs
RAPHIDIOPTERA (snake flies)
RAPHIDIIDAE (a family of snakeflies), eg: Atlantoraphidia maculicollis (a snakefly) - Female - dorsal view - close-up
Order 3 subtaxa 1 ident refs
CERATOPHYLLOIDEA (a superfamily of fleas), eg: Amalaraeus penicilliger subsp. mustelae (Vole Flea) - Whole animal - side view CTENOPHTHALMIDAE (a family of fleas), eg: Ctenophthalmus (Ctenophthalmus) nobilis (Rodent Flea, A Rodent Flea) - Cleared specimen - legs HYSTRICHOPSYLLOIDEA (a superfamily of fleas), eg: Hystrichopsylla talpae subsp. talpae (Mole Flea) - Lateral view PULICOIDEA (a superfamily of fleas), eg: Ctenocephalides felis subsp. felis (Cat Flea) - Lateral view
Order 8 subtaxa 5 ident refs
STREPSIPTERA (stylopids)
ELENCHIDAE (a family of stylopids), eg: Elenchus tenuicornis (a stylops) - Male - dorsal view
Order 1 subtaxon 4 ident refs
TRICHOPTERA (caddis flies, caddisflies)
ANNULIPALPIA (caseless caddis proper), eg: Unidentified Hydropsyche (Unidentified Hydropsyche Caddisflies) - Dorsal view - grey background INTEGRIPALPIA (true cased caddis flies), eg: Limnephilus lunatus (a caddisfly) - Dorsal view Unidentified Trichoptera (Unidentified Caddis Flies, Caddisflies), eg: Unidentified Trichoptera (Unidentified Caddis Flies, Caddisflies) - Lateral view
Order 20 subtaxa 11 ident refs

Suggested Literature

BioInfo BioInfo ( has 784 general literature references to Endopterygota (bees, beetles, flies, moths and other insects with wings developing internally)

Endopterygota may also be covered by literature listed under:

(living things)
(insects and other 6-legged organisms)
(true insects)

BioInfo BioInfo ( has 13417 feeding and other relationships of Endopterygota (bees, beetles, flies, moths and other insects with wings developing internally)

Further Information

Notes (MWS) These are the most highly-evolved groups of insects.

They have wingless juvenile forms (larvae, eg maggots, catepillars) which look very different from the adults. Development from the juvenile to the adult form (metamorphosis) includes a comparatively featureless intermediate stage (the pupa). The internal body structure of the juvenile is largely broken down in the pupa before being rebuilt to form the adult insect.
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