Subtaxon Example images Rank Subtaxa
with images
No of
ID refs
Family 5 ident. refs
Family 1 ident. refs
Male - dorsal view (Click to view)Dorsal view (Click to view)Dorsal view (Click to view)Worker - feeding on exudations from a goatmoth oak (Click to view)Dorsal view (Click to view)
Family 13 illustrated subtaxa 23 ident. refs
Mating pair - side view (Click to view)
Taxonomic hierarchy:
SuperfamilyVESPOIDEA (wasps)
InfraorderAculeata (aculeates: bees, wasps and ants)
SuborderAPOCRITA (bees, wasps, ants and parasitoids)
OrderHYMENOPTERA (ants, bees and wasps, sawflies and parasitoid wasps)
Division Endopterygota (bees, beetles, flies, moths and other insects with wings developing internally)
InfraclassNeoptera (bees, beetles, flies, grasshoppers, moths and other advanced insects)
SubclassPTERYGOTA (bees, beetles, dragonflies, flies, grasshoppers, moths and other winged insects)
ClassINSECTA (true insects)
SubphylumHEXAPODA (insects and other 6-legged organisms)
PhylumARTHROPODA (arthropods)
SuperphylumECDYSOZOA (skin shedders)
CladeBilateria (bilaterally symmetrical animals)
SubkingdomEUMETAZOA (metazoans)
KingdomANIMALIA (animals)
DomainEukaryota (eukaryotes)
LifeBIOTA (living things)

Identification Works

BioInfo ( has 52 general literature references relevant to VESPOIDEA (wasps)

VESPOIDEA (wasps) may also be covered by identification literature listed under the following higher taxa:

BioInfoBioInfo ( has 74 host/parasite/foodplant and/or other relationships for VESPOIDEA (wasps)
Creative Commons License
This website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International Licence.

Unless otherwise expressly stated, all original material on the BioImages website by Malcolm Storey is licensed under the above Creative Commons Licence.

Photographs from other photographers are used with permission but not included under the above CC licence.

BioImages - Virtual Field-Guide (UK)