BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (UK)

VESPIDAE (social wasps)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Family)

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Archer, M.E. Key to European Vespinea
Archer, M.E., 1979 Hymenoptera: Vespidae - social wasps
Archer, M.E., 2014 Vespoid Wasps (Tiphiidea, Mutillidae, Sapygidae, Scoliidae and Vespidae)
Audibert, C. Notes sur les Vespidae : biologie, systématique et clé d’identification des espèces
Berland, L., 1928 Hyménoptères Vespiformes II (Eumenidae, Vespidae, Masaridae, Bethylidae, Dryinidae, Embolemidae)
Dvorak, L. & Roberts, S.P.M., 2006 Key to the paper and social wasps of Central Europe (Hymenoptera: Vespidae)
Else, G.R., 1994 Identification: Social Wasps
Hymenoptera (bees, wasps, ants and relatives): Hymenoptera (bees, wasps, ants and relatives)
Heath, J., Harding, P.T. & Archer, M.E., 1979 Provisional atlas of the insects of the British Isles. Part 9 Vespidae: Social wasps
Løken, A., 1964 Social Wasps in Norway (Hymenoptera, Vespidae)
Peeters, T.M.J., Van Achterberg, C., Heitmans, W.R.B., Klein, W.F., Lefeber, V., Van Loon, A.J., Mabelis, A.A., Nieuwenhuijsen, H. Reemer, M., De Rond, J., Smit, J. & Velthuis, H.H.W., 2004 De Wespen en Mieren van Nederland (Hymenoptera : Aculeata)
Hymenoptera: the identification of Nottinghamshire Social Wasps: Hymenoptera: the identification of Nottinghamshire Social Wasps
Spradbery, P., 1973 Wasps: an account of the biology and natural history of solitary and social wasps


Wenzel, J.W., 1998 A generic key to the nests of hornets, yellowjackets, and paper wasps worldwide (Vespidae: Vespinae, Polistinae)

BioInfo BioInfo ( has 19 general literature references to VESPIDAE (social wasps)

VESPIDAE may also be covered by literature listed under:

(living things)
(insects and other 6-legged organisms)
(true insects)
(ants, bees and wasps, sawflies and parasitoid wasps)
(aculeates: bees, wasps and ants)

BioInfo BioInfo ( has 72 feeding and other relationships of VESPIDAE (social wasps)

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