BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (UK)

VESPIDAE (social wasps)


Rank Taxon #photos #macrophotos #refs

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Archer, M.E. Key to European Vespinea
Archer, M.E., 1979 Hymenoptera: Vespidae - social wasps
Archer, M.E., 2014 Vespoid Wasps (Tiphiidea, Mutillidae, Sapygidae, Scoliidae and Vespidae)
Audibert, C. Notes sur les Vespidae : biologie, systématique et clé d’identification des espèces
Berland, L., 1928 Hyménoptères Vespiformes II (Eumenidae, Vespidae, Masaridae, Bethylidae, Dryinidae, Embolemidae)
Dvorak, L. & Roberts, S.P.M., 2006 Key to the paper and social wasps of Central Europe (Hymenoptera: Vespidae)
Else, G.R., 1994 Identification: Social Wasps
Heath, J., Harding, P.T. & Archer, M.E., 1979 Provisional atlas of the insects of the British Isles. Part 9 Vespidae: Social wasps
Løken, A., 1964 Social Wasps in Norway (Hymenoptera, Vespidae)
Hymenoptera: the identification of Nottinghamshire Social Wasps: Hymenoptera: the identification of Nottinghamshire Social Wasps
Spradbery, P., 1973 Wasps: an account of the biology and natural history of solitary and social wasps


Wenzel, J.W., 1998 A generic key to the nests of hornets, yellowjackets, and paper wasps worldwide (Vespidae: Vespinae, Polistinae)

BioInfo BioInfo ( has 19 general literature references to VESPIDAE (social wasps)

VESPIDAE may also be covered by literature listed under:

(living things)
(bees, wasps, ants, sawflies and parasitoid wasps, ants, bees and wasps)
(aculeates: bees, wasps and ants)

BioInfo BioInfo ( has 72 feeding and other relationships of VESPIDAE (social wasps)

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