BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (UK)

Russula Pers. (brittlegill toadstools, russulas)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Genus)

Russula aeruginea Fr. (Green Brittlegill)
Cap
Species 1 ident refs
Russula albonigra (Krombh.) Fr. (a brittlegill) Species 1 ident refs
Russula alnetorum Romagn. (a brittlegill)
Cap
Species 2 ident refs
Russula amoenolens agg. (a group of greyish brown russulas) Species aggregate  
Russula amoenolens Romagn. (a brittlegill)
Fruitbody - in situ - oblique view
Species  
Russula sororia Fr. (Sepia Brittlegill)
Fruitbody - side view showing gills and stipe - lain down
Species  
Russula arpalices Sarnari (a brittle-gill toadstool) Species 1 ident refs
Russula atropurpurea (Krombh.) Britzelm. (Purple Brittlegill, Blackish-purple Russula)
Cap - oblique view
Species  
Russula aurea Pers. (Gilded Brittlegill) Species 1 ident refs
Russula barlae Quél. Species 1 ident refs
Russula betularum Hora (Birch Brittlegill)
Fruitbody - top view
Species  
Russula brunneoviolacea Crawshay (a brittlegill) Species 1 ident refs
Russula caerulea (Pers.) Fr. (Humpback Brittlegill)
Cap
Species  
Russula camarophylla Species 1 ident refs
Russula carminipes J. Blum (a brittlegill) Species 1 ident refs
Russula cessans A. Pearson (a brittlegill) Species 2 ident refs
Russula chloroides (Krombh.) Bres. (Blue Band Brittlegill)
Fruitbody - upturned to show stipe and gills
Species  
Russula claroflava Grove (Yellow Swamp Brittlegill, Yellow Swamp Russula)
Cap and stipe
Species  
Russula cuprea Krombh. (a brittlegill) Species 1 ident refs
Russula cyanoxantha (Schaeff.) Fr. (Charcoal Burner)
Russula cyanoxantha forma peltereaui (a charcoal burner), eg: Russula cyanoxantha forma peltereaui (a charcoal burner) - Fruitbody - top view
Species 2 ident refs
Russula decolorans (Fr.) Fr. (Copper Brittlegill)
Fruitbody - turned over to show gills
Species 1 ident refs
Russula densifolia Secr. ex Gillet (Crowded Brittlegill)
Fruitbody - helves
Species 1 ident refs
Russula emetica (Schaeff.) Pers. (Sickener)
Cap
Species  
Russula farinipes Romell (a brittlegill)
Fruitbody - top view - in situ
Species  
Russula faustiana Sarnari (a russula) Species 1 ident refs
Russula fellea (Fr.) Fr. (Geranium Brittlegill, Geranium-scented Russula)
Fruitbody - top view - in situ
Species 1 ident refs
Russula foetens agg. (foetid brittlegills) Species aggregate  
Russula foetens Pers. (Stinking Brittlegill, Foetid Russula)
Fruitbody - top view - in situ
Species  
Russula grata Britzelm. (Bitter Almond Brittlegill)
Fruitbody - side view - lain down
Species  
Russula subfoetens Wm.G. Sm. (a russula)
Fruitbody - lain down to show stipe and gills
Species 1 ident refs
Russula fragilis (Pers.) Fr. (Fragile Brittlegill, Fragile Russula)
Russula fragilis var. fragilis (Fragile Brittlegill, Fragile Russula), eg: Russula fragilis var. fragilis (Fragile Brittlegill, Fragile Russula) - Cap (from 2nd specimen)
Species 1 ident refs
Russula fuliginosa Sarnari (a fungus) Species 1 ident refs
Russula heterophylla (Fr.) Fr. (Greasy Green Brittlegill) Species 1 ident refs
Russula insignis (Quél.) Quél. (a brittlegill) Species 1 ident refs
Russula laccata Huijsman (a brittlegill) Species 1 ident refs
Russula livescens (Batsch) Bataille (a brittlegill)
Fresh collection
Species  
Russula luteotacta Rea (a brittlegill) Species 1 ident refs
Russula melliolens Quél. (a brittlegill) Species 1 ident refs
Russula melzeri Zvára (Scurfy Brittlegill) Species 1 ident refs
Russula nauseosa (Pers.) Fr. (a brittlegill) Species 1 ident refs
Russula nigricans (Bull.) Fr. (Blackening Brittlegill, Blackening Russula)
Fruitbody - side view
Species 1 ident refs
Russula nitida (Pers.) Fr. (Purple Swamp Brittlegill) Species  
Russula nobilis Velen. (Beechwood Sickener) Species 2 ident refs
Russula ochroleuca Pers. (Ochre Brittlegill, Common Yellow Russula)
Fruitbody - side view showing gills - lain down
Species  
Russula pallescens P. Karst. (a brittlegill) Species 1 ident refs
Russula parazurea Jul. Schäff. (Powdery Brittlegill)
Fruitbody - top view - in situ
Species 1 ident refs
Russula pectinata (Bull.) Fr. (a brittlegill) Species 1 ident refs
Russula pectinatoides Peck (a brittlegill) Species 2 ident refs
Russula plumbeobrunnea Jurkeit & Schossler (a brittlegill) Species 1 ident refs
Russula poichilochroa Sarnari (a brittlegill) Species 1 ident refs
Russula praetervisa Sarnari (a brittlegill) Species 2 ident refs
Russula pseudoaffinis Migl. & Nicolaj (a brittlegill) Species 1 ident refs
Russula pseudointegra Arnaud & Goris (Scarlet Brittlegill)
Cap
Species  
Russula puellaris Fr. (Yellowing Brittlegill) Species  
Russula queletii Fr. (Fruity Brittlegill) Species 1 ident refs
Russula recondita Melera & Ostellari, 2016 (a brittlegill) Species 1 ident refs
Russula renidens Ruots., Sarnari & Vauras (a brittlegill) Species 1 ident refs
Russula rivulicola Ruots & Vauras (a brittlegill) Species 1 ident refs
Russula sanguinaria (Schumach.) Rauschert (Bloody Brittlegill)
Fruitbody - turned over to show gills
Species  
Russula sardonia Fr. (Primrose Brittlegill)
Cap
Species 2 ident refs
Russula scotica A. Pearson (a brittlegill) Species 1 ident refs
Russula seperina Dupain (a brittlegill) Species 1 ident refs
Russula solaris Ferd. & Winge (a brittlegill) Species 1 ident refs
Russula subterfurcata Romagn. Species 1 ident refs
Russula torulosa Bres. (a brittlegill) Species 1 ident refs
Russula turci Bres. (a brittlegill)
Fruitbody - top view - in situ
Species  
Russula versatilis Romagn. (a brittlegill) Species 1 ident refs
Russula vesca Fr. (The Flirt, Bare-toothed Russula)
Fruitbody - side view - in situ
Species  
Russula vinosa Lindblad (Darkening Brittlegill)
Fruitbody - young - side view - lain down
Species  
Russula vinosobrunnea (Bres.) Romagn. (a brittlegill) Species 1 ident refs
Russula virescens (Schaeff.) Fr. (Greencracked Brittlegill)
Cap and button
Species 1 ident refs
Russula viscida Kudřna (a brittlegill) Species 1 ident refs
Russula xenochlora P.D. Orton (a brittlegill) Species 1 ident refs
Russula xerampelina (Schaeff.) Fr. (Crab Brittlegill)
Fruitbody - side view - in situ
Species  
Russula xerampelina agg. (crab brittlegills)
Species aggregate 2 ident refs
Russula zvarae Velen. (a brittlegill) Species 2 ident refs
Unidentified Russula (Unidentified Brittlegill Toadstools, Russulas)
Fruitbody - oblique view - in situ
Unidentified  

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Cullington, P., 2004 (Green species) Those Green Russulas!
Galli, R., 1996 Le Russule
Kibby, G., 2001 (Blackening species in section Compactae) Key to blackening species of Russula of section Compactae
Kibby, G., 2001 (excluding subgenus Compactae) Synoptic Keys to the British species of the Genus Russula (excluding subgenus Compactae)
Kibby, G., 2003 Key to British species of Russula in the R. xerampelina group
Kibby, G., 2008 The Genus Russula in Great Britain with Synoptic Keys to Species (ed 4)
Kibby, G., 2008 The Genus Russula in Great Britain with Synoptic Keys to Species (ed 5)
Kibby, G., 2010 The genus Russula in Great Britain, with synoptic keys to the species (2010 edition)
Marchand, A., 1971 Champignons du Nord et du Midi (9 volumes)
Moreau, P.-A., 2006 Comments on B & K 6 illustrations of Lactarius and Russula
Rayner, R.W., 1985 Keys to the British Species of Russula
Reumaux, P., 1999 Russules rares ou méconnue
Romagnesi, H., 1967 Les Russules d'Europe et d'Afrique du Nord
Sarneri, M., 1998 Monografia Illustrata del genere Russula in Europa
Tortelli, Mario, 2004 Use of Guaiac in the Identification of Russula

Subsection Foetentinae

A key to Russula subsections Foetentinae and Pectinatae: https://sites.google.com/site/scottishfungi/identification/id-keys/russula-pectinatae-and-foetentinae A key to Russula subsections Foetentinae and Pectinatae

Subsection Pectinatae

A key to Russula subsections Foetentinae and Pectinatae: https://sites.google.com/site/scottishfungi/identification/id-keys/russula-pectinatae-and-foetentinae A key to Russula subsections Foetentinae and Pectinatae

BioInfo BioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 12 general literature references to Russula (brittlegill toadstools, russulas)

Russula may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
FUNGI S.S.
(true fungi)
BASIDIOMYCOTA
(spore droppers)
AGARICOMYCETES
(a class of fungi)
RUSSULALES
(an order of toadstools)
RUSSULACEAE
(milkcaps and russulas)
Ectomycorrhizal fungi (via Russulaceae) Macromycetes (via Russulales) Fungi s.l.

BioInfo BioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 376 feeding and other relationships of Russula (brittlegill toadstools, russulas)

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Unless otherwise expressly stated, all original material on the BioImages website by Malcolm Storey is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Licence.