BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (UK)

(Ectomycorrhizal fungi) (fungi that form ectomycorrhizae)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Informal)

Tuber aestivum Vittad. (Summer Truffle)
Fruitbody - dried
Species   2 ident refs
Tuber maculatum Vittad. (a truffle) Species   1 ident refs
Tuber mesentericum Vittad. (a truffle) Species   1 ident refs
Amanita Pers. (grisettes and amanitas)
Amanita ceciliae (Snakeskin Grisette), eg: Amanita ceciliae (Snakeskin Grisette) - Cap Amanita citrina (False Deathcap), eg: Amanita citrina var. alba (a false death-cap) - Fruitbody - side view - lain down Amanita crocea (Orange Grisette), eg: Amanita crocea (Orange Grisette) - Fruitbody - young - side view - in situ Amanita echinocephala (Solitary Amanita), eg: Amanita echinocephala (Solitary Amanita) - Ring and gills - close-up Amanita excelsa (Grey Spotted Amanita), eg: Amanita excelsa var. spissa (Grey Spotted Amanita) - Fruitbody - in situ - side view Amanita flavescens (a grisette), eg: Amanita flavescens (a grisette) - Fruitbody Amanita franchetii (a toadstool), eg: Amanita franchetii (a toadstool) - Button - oblique view Amanita fulva (Tawny Grisette), eg: Amanita fulva (Tawny Grisette) - Cap - oblique view Amanita lividopallescens (a grisette), eg: Amanita lividopallescens (a grisette) - Fruitbodies Amanita muscaria (Fly Agaric), eg: Amanita muscaria (Fly Agaric) - Cap - top view Amanita pantherina (Panthercap), eg: Amanita pantherina (Panthercap) - Fruitbody - side view - excavated to show stipe base - in situ Amanita phalloides (Deathcap), eg: Amanita phalloides (Deathcap) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ Amanita porphyria (Grey Veiled Amanita), eg: Amanita porphyria (Grey Veiled Amanita) - Cap - in situ Amanita rubescens (Blusher), eg: Amanita rubescens var. rubescens (Blusher) - Cells from scales on cap Amanita submembranacea (a grisette), eg: Amanita submembranacea (a grisette) - Cap - in situ (Amanita vaginata agg.) (a group of grisettes), eg: Amanita submembranacea (a grisette) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ Amanita vaginata (Grisette), eg: Amanita vaginata (Grisette) - Fruitbody - in situ among Rockrose - top view - close-up
Genus 33 subtaxa 45 ident refs
Cortinarius (Pers.) Gray (webcap toadstools)
Cortinarius (Dermocybe) (a group of webcaps), eg: Cortinarius cinnamomeoluteus (a toadstool) - Cap - mature - in situ Cortinarius (Inoloma) (a group of webcaps), eg: Cortinarius alboviolaceus (Pearly Webcap) - Fruitbody - side view - lain down Cortinarius (Myxacium) (slimy-stemmed webcaps), eg: Cortinarius trivialis (Girdled Webcap) - Fruitbody - mature - lain down Cortinarius (Phlegmacium) (slimy-capped webcaps), eg: Cortinarius calochrous var. parvus (a webcap) - Fruitbody - side view showing cap Cortinarius (sg) (a group of webcaps), eg: Cortinarius violaceus (Violet Webcap) - Cap - top view Cortinarius (Telamonia) (hygrophanous webcaps), eg: Cortinarius bibulus (a toadstool) - Cap - in situ Cortinarius aff. malachius (a Cortinarius which is very similar to C. malachius), eg: Cortinarius aff. malachius (a Cortinarius which is very similar to C. malachius) - Fruitbody - in situ Cortinarius disjungendus (a webcap), eg: Cortinarius disjungendus (a webcap) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ Cortinarius parvannulatus (a webcap), eg: Cortinarius parvannulatus (a webcap) - Fruitbody - side view - lain down Cortinarius pearsonii (a webcap), eg: Cortinarius pearsonii (a webcap) - Fruitbody - young - side view - lain down Cortinarius pholideus (Scaly Webcap), eg: Cortinarius pholideus (Scaly Webcap) - Fruitbody - in situ Cortinarius turgidus (a webcap), eg: Cortinarius turgidus (a webcap) - Cap - in situ Unidentified Cortinarius (Unidentified Webcap Toadstools), eg: Unidentified Cortinarius (Unidentified Webcap Toadstools) - Cap - younger and damper
Genus 111 subtaxa 113 ident refs
Rozites caperatus (Pers.) P. Karst. (The Gypsy)
Fruitbody - side view showing gills - lain down
Species   1 ident refs
Laccaria Berk. & Broome (deceiver toadstools)
Laccaria amethystina (Amethyst Deceiver), eg: Laccaria amethystina (Amethyst Deceiver) - Toadstool - top view of cap Laccaria bicolor (Bicoloured Deceiver), eg: Laccaria bicolor (Bicoloured Deceiver) - Cap, and fruitbody - side view showing gills and stipe Laccaria laccata (Deceiver), eg: Laccaria laccata (Deceiver) - Side view - showing cap Laccaria proxima (Scurfy Deceiver), eg: Laccaria proxima (Scurfy Deceiver) - Cap Laccaria purpureobadia (a toadstool), eg: Laccaria purpureobadia (a toadstool) - Lain down Laccaria tortilis (Twisted Deceiver), eg: Laccaria tortilis (Twisted Deceiver) - Cap
Genus 7 subtaxa 9 ident refs
Inocybe (Fr.) Fr. (fibrecap toadstools)
Inocybe (Inocybe) (nodulose-spored Inocybe toadstools), eg: Inocybe leptophylla (a toadstool) - Cap Inocybe (Inocybium) (smooth-spored Inocybe toadstools), eg: Inocybe geophylla var. geophylla (White Fibrecap) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ Unidentified Inocybe (Unidentified Fibrecap Toadstools), eg: Unidentified Inocybe (Unidentified Fibrecap Toadstools) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ
Genus 56 subtaxa 52 ident refs
Hebeloma (Fr.) P. Kumm. (poisonpie toadstools)
Hebeloma laterinum (a poison pie), eg: Hebeloma laterinum (a poison pie) - Fruitbody - top view - in situ Hebeloma mesophaeum (Veiled Poisonpie), eg: Hebeloma mesophaeum (Veiled Poisonpie) - Cap - oblique view - in situ Hebeloma radicosum (Rooting Poisonpie), eg: Hebeloma radicosum (Rooting Poisonpie) - Fruitbody - side view Hebeloma sacchariolens agg. (a group of poisonpies), eg: Hebeloma groegeri (a poisonpie) - Fruitbody - in situ Unidentified Hebeloma (Unidentified Poisonpie Toadstools), eg: Unidentified Hebeloma (Unidentified Poisonpie Toadstools) - Fruitbody - lain down to show cap and stipe
Genus 11 subtaxa 11 ident refs
Naucoria (Fr.) P. Kumm. (aldercap toadstools)
Naucoria amarescens (an aldercap), eg: Naucoria amarescens (an aldercap) - Cap - young Naucoria escharioides (Ochre Aldercap), eg: Naucoria escharioides (Ochre Aldercap) - Fruitbodies - side view showing gills - lain down Naucoria luteolofibrillosa (an aldercap), eg: Naucoria luteolofibrillosa (an aldercap) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ Naucoria striatula (Striate Aldercap), eg: Naucoria striatula (Striate Aldercap) - Fruitbodies - side view showing gills - lain down Naucoria subconspersa (an aldercap), eg: Naucoria subconspersa (an aldercap) - Fruitbody - side view showing gills - lain down Unidentified Naucoria (Unidentified Aldercap Toadstools), eg: Unidentified Naucoria (Unidentified Aldercap Toadstools) - Naucoria - 4 Alder species: side view
Genus 7 subtaxa 8 ident refs
Leucocortinarius bulbiger (Alb. & Schwein.) Singer (White Webcap) Species   2 ident refs
Tricholoma (Fr.) Staude (knight toadstools)
Tricholoma cingulatum (Girdled Knight), eg: Tricholoma cingulatum (Girdled Knight) - Cap Tricholoma equestre (Yellow Knight), eg: Tricholoma equestre (Yellow Knight) - Cap Tricholoma fulvum (Birch Knight), eg: Tricholoma fulvum (Birch Knight) - Fruitbody - side view Tricholoma imbricatum (Matt Knight), eg: Tricholoma imbricatum (Matt Knight) - Collection Tricholoma portentosum (a knight), eg: Tricholoma portentosum (a knight) - Fruitbodies Tricholoma psammopus (Larch Knight), eg: Tricholoma psammopus (Larch Knight) - Fruitbody - side view Tricholoma saponaceum (Soap Knight), eg: Tricholoma saponaceum var. saponaceum (Soap Knight, Soap Tricholoma) - 4 fruitbodies Tricholoma scalpturatum (Yellowing Knight), eg: Tricholoma scalpturatum (Yellowing Knight) - Fruitbody - young - side view showing cortina - lain down Tricholoma sciodes (a knight), eg: Tricholoma sciodes (a knight) - Fruitbody - side view Tricholoma sejunctum (Deceiving Knight), eg: Tricholoma sejunctum (Deceiving Knight) - Fruitbody - upturned to show gills Tricholoma stiparophyllum (a knight), eg: Tricholoma stiparophyllum (a knight) - Fruitbody - top view - in situ Tricholoma sulphureum (Sulphur Knight), eg: Tricholoma sulphureum var. sulphureum (Sulphur Knight) - Caps - in situ Tricholoma terreum (Grey Knight), eg: Tricholoma terreum (Grey Knight) - Cap Tricholoma ustale (Burnt Knight), eg: Tricholoma ustale (Burnt Knight) - Fruitbody - young - side view Unidentified Tricholoma (Unidentified Knight Toadstools), eg: Unidentified Tricholoma (Unidentified Knight Toadstools) - Fruitbody - lain down to show cap and stipe
Genus 40 subtaxa 45 ident refs
BOLETACEAE Chevall. (sponge cap toadstools)
Boletus (a genus of boletes), eg: Boletus rubellus (Ruby Bolete) - Fruitbody - top view - close-up - in situ Chalciporus piperatus (Peppery Bolete), eg: Chalciporus piperatus (Peppery Bolete) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ Leccinum (a genus of boletes), eg: Leccinum cyaneobasileucum (a bolete) - Cap - oblique view - in situ Phylloporus pelletieri (Golden-gilled Bolete), eg: Phylloporus pelletieri (Golden-gilled Bolete) - Fruitbody with forked stipe - side view showing gills - lain down Pseudoboletus parasiticus (Parasitic Bolete), eg: Pseudoboletus parasiticus (Parasitic Bolete) - Colony - top view Strobilomyces strobilaceus (Old Man Of The Woods), eg: Strobilomyces strobilaceus (Old Man Of The Woods) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ Tylopilus felleus (Bitter Bolete), eg: Tylopilus felleus (Bitter Bolete) - Fruitbody - side view Xerocomus (a genus of boletes), eg: Xerocomus communis (a bolete) - First specimen - cap - in situ
Family 75 subtaxa 123 ident refs
GOMPHIDIACEAE Maire ex Jülich (spike toadstools)
Chroogomphus rutilus (Copper Spike), eg: Chroogomphus rutilus (Copper Spike) - Fruitbody Gomphidius (spike toadstools), eg: Gomphidius roseus (Rosy Spike) - Fruitbodies - top view
Family 4 subtaxa 3 ident refs
GYROPORACEAE Locq. (a family of boletes) Family 2 subtaxa  
Gyroporus castaneus (Bull.) Quél. (Chestnut Bolete)
Fruitbodies - lain down to show stipe and pores
Species   1 ident refs
Gyroporus cyanescens (Bull.) Quél. (a bolete) Species   1 ident refs
PAXILLACEAE Lotsy (a family of bolete toadstools)
Paxillus (mycorrhizal rollrims), eg: Paxillus rubicundulus (Alder Rollrim) - Side view showing cap
Family 6 subtaxa 12 ident refs
RHIZOPOGONACEAE Gäum. & C.W. Dodge (beard truffles)
Rhizopogon (beard truffles), eg: Rhizopogon luteolus (Yellow False Truffle, Yellow Beard Truffle) - Fruitbody - in situ
Family 4 subtaxa 5 ident refs
SCLERODERMATACEAE Corda (earthballs and dyeballs)
Pisolithus (dyeballs), eg: Pisolithus capsulifer (Dyeball) - Fruitbody - lain down Scleroderma (earthballs), eg: Scleroderma areolatum (Leopard Earthball) - Side view - showing root
Family 6 subtaxa 5 ident refs
SUILLACEAE (Singer) Besl & Bresinsky (a family of boletes)
Suillus (a genus of boletes), eg: Suillus grevillei (Larch Bolete) - Fruitbody - top view
Family 11 subtaxa 9 ident refs
RUSSULACEAE Lotsy (milkcaps and russulas)
Lactarius (milkcap toadstools), eg: Lactarius blennius (Slimy Milk-cap, Beech Milkcap) - Fruitbody - oblique view - in situ Russula (brittlegill toadstools, russulas), eg: Russula caerulea (Humpback Brittlegill) - Cap
Family 128 subtaxa 125 ident refs
Sebacina incrustans (Pers.) Tul. (Enveloping Crust)
Fruitbody
Species    
THELEPHORALES Corner ex Oberw. (an order of basidiomycete fungi)
BANKERACEAE (a family of stipitate tooth fungi), eg: Bankera fuligineoalba (Drab Tooth) - Fruitbody - side view THELEPHORACEAE (a family of basidiomycete fungi), eg: Tomentella sublilacina (a resupinate fungus) - Fruitbody
Order 33 subtaxa 60 ident refs

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

DEEMY: an Information System for Characterization and DEtermination of EctoMYcorrhizae: http://www.deemy.de/ DEEMY: an Information System for Characterization and DEtermination of EctoMYcorrhizae
Thoen, D., 1977 Identification of ectomycorrhizal fungi by thin layer chromatography

North American

British Columbia Ectomycorrhizal Research Network: http://www.pfc.forestry.ca/biodiversity/bcern/intro_e.html British Columbia Ectomycorrhizal Research Network

(Ectomycorrhizal fungi) may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
FUNGI S.S.
(true fungi)
Fungi s.l.

BioInfo BioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 2645 feeding and other relationships of (Ectomycorrhizal fungi) (fungi that form ectomycorrhizae)

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