BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (UK)

Hygrocybe (Fr.) P. Kumm. (waxcaps, waxcap mushrooms)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Genus)

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Arnolds, E., 1990 Tribus Hygrocybeae (K├╝hner) Bas & Arnolds in FAN 2
Bas, C., Kuper, T.W., Noordeloos, M.E. & Vellinga, E.C., 1990 Flora Agaricina Neerlandica 2
Boertmann, D., 1995 The Genus Hygrocybe (1st ed)
Boertmann, D., 2010 The Genus Hygrocybe (2nd ed)
Bon, M., 1990 Hygrophoraceae
Candusso, M., 1994 Hygrophorus
Edwards, B., in prep. Field key to Dorset waxcaps
Waxcap Website: Waxcap Website
Orton, P.D., 1960 New Checklist of British Agarics and Boleti - Part III: Notes on genera and species in the list
Orton, P.D., 1980 Notes on British Agarics: VII

Waxcap Grasslands

Henrici, A., 1996 Waxcap-grassland Fungi

BioInfo BioInfo ( has 26 general literature references to Hygrocybe (waxcaps, waxcap mushrooms)

Hygrocybe may also be covered by literature listed under:

(living things)
(true fungi)
(spore droppers)
(a class of fungi)
(mushrooms and toadstools)
Gasteromycetes (via Hygrophoraceae) Macromycetes (via Agaricales) Fungi s.l.

BioInfo BioInfo ( has 83 feeding and other relationships of Hygrocybe (waxcaps, waxcap mushrooms)

Further Information

Notes (MWS) In Europe, the waxcaps are principally toadstools of unimproved grassland although in North America they are mainly found woodland. Many of our species are large and strikingly bright coloured, although the colour can be washed out by rain or bleached by sunlight.

Characterised by distant thick and waxy gills (hence "waxcap") and microscopically by long slender basidia.
Creative Commons Licence
Unless otherwise expressly stated, all original material on the BioImages website by Malcolm Storey is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Licence.