BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (UK)


Further Information

Notes (MWS) A group of small flattened insects with considerable jumping powers. The adults are obligate parasites of warm-blooded vertebrates.

Most species are restricted to one or a few related host species, or species with similar habits. But (as any cat owner knows) displaced fleas are attracted to any warm-blooded animal, so any species might occasionally be found on an unexpected host.

The worm-like larvae live among detritus in nests. For this reason fleas are restricted to animals that build nests or, at least, return to the same home or burrow - Ungulates (cattle, horses, deer etc) do not have fleas.


Rank Taxon #subtaxa #photos #macrophotos #microphotos

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Avery, R.A., 1974 (parasites of selected hosts) Identification of Animal Parasites
Brinck-Lindroth, G. & Smit, F.G.A.M., 2007 The fleas (Siphonaptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark
Séguy, E., 1944 Insectes Ectoparasites (Mallophages, Anoplures, Siphonaptères)
Smit, F.G.A.M., 1957 Siphonaptera
Whitaker, A.P., 2007 Fleas (Siphonaptera)

BioInfo BioInfo ( has 3 general literature references to SIPHONAPTERA (fleas)

SIPHONAPTERA may also be covered by literature listed under:

(living things)

BioInfo BioInfo ( has 48 feeding and other relationships of SIPHONAPTERA (fleas)

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