BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (UK)

LEPIDOPTERA (butterflies and moths)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Order)

DACNONYMPHA (a suborder of micro-moths) Suborder 3 subtaxa  
ERIOCRANIOIDEA (a superfamily of micro-moths) Superfamily 3 subtaxa  
ERIOCRANIIDAE (a family of micro-moths)
Mined leaf - upper side
Family 3 subtaxa 5 ident refs
EPERMENIOIDEA (a superfamily of moths) Superfamily 1 subtaxon  
EPERMENIIDAE (lance-wing micro-moths, fringe-tufted moths) Family   3 ident refs
EXOPORIA (swift moths)
Male - lateral view
Suborder 5 subtaxa 1 ident refs
HETERONEURA (a suborder of moths and butterflies)
Dorsal view Female - dorsal view Female adult - dorsal view Male - dorsal view
Suborder 677 subtaxa 400 ident refs
ZEUGLOPTERA (jawed micro-moths) Suborder 2 subtaxa  
MICROPTERIGOIDEA (jawed micro-moths)
Male - dorsal view
Superfamily 2 subtaxa 1 ident refs
Unidentified Lepidoptera (Unidentified Butterflies and Moths)
Cocoon - one birch leaf peeled off
Unidentified    
(Leaf-miner moths) (moths with leaf-mining larvae)
Adult - dorsal view Adult - dorsal view Adult - dorsal view Dorsal view Dorsolateral view Leaf mines - top surface Male - dorsal view Mined leaf - upper side Set specimen
Informal 121 subtaxa 104 ident refs
(Microlepidoptera) (micro-moths)
Adult - dorsal view Adult - dorsal view Adult - dorsal view Dorsal view Dorsal view Dorsal view Dorsal view Dorsal view Dorsal view - close-up Female - dorsal view Female adult - dorsal view Male - dorsal view Male - dorsal view Mined leaf - upper side
Informal 785 subtaxa 816 ident refs

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Insects & Spiders from Finland
: http://www.kolumbus.fi/hannu.j.tanner/coleoptera/
Insects & Spiders from Finland
Moths and Butterflies of Europe and North Africa: http://www.leps.it/ Moths and Butterflies of Europe and North Africa
What's Flying tonight?: http://www.suffolkmoths.org.uk/cgi-bin/flyingTonight.cgi What's Flying tonight?
Northumberland Moths: id tips: http://www.northumberlandmoths.org.uk/idtips.php Northumberland Moths: id tips
Davis, B.N.K., 1991 Insects on Nettles
Emmet, A.M., Langmaid, J. & Heath J., 1983 Micropterigidae to Heliozelidae (vol 1)
Svenska fjärilar: http://www2.nrm.se/en/svenska_fjarilar/svenska_fjarilar.html Svenska fjärilar
UK Lepidoptera: http://jeffhiggott.topcities.com/lepidoptera/lepidoptera.html UK Lepidoptera
UK Moths: http://ukmoths.org.uk UK Moths
British Lepidoptera: http://britishlepidoptera.weebly.com/ British Lepidoptera
Meyrick, E., 1927 A Revised Handbook of British Lepidoptera
Nippe, B, 2000 Atlas der Raupen europäischer und kleinasiatischer Schmetterlinge
Lepidoptera and some other life forms: http://www.funet.fi/pub/sci/bio/life/intro.html Lepidoptera and some other life forms
South, R., 1961 The Moths of the British Isles
Moths and butterflies of Sweden: http://www.lepidoptera.se/en Moths and butterflies of Sweden
Cercle de Mycologie de Mons (Belgique): (Page perso de JJ. Wuilbaut): http://users.skynet.be/jjw.myco.mons Cercle de Mycologie de Mons (Belgique): (Page perso de JJ. Wuilbaut)

Caterpillars

Illustrated Guide to British Caterpillars: http://www.wildlifeinsight.com/guide-to-british-caterpillars/ Illustrated Guide to British Caterpillars
Buckler, W., 1899 The larvae of the British butterflies and moths
Eggs, Larvae and Pupae of Butterflies and Moths: http://www.ukleps.org Eggs, Larvae and Pupae of Butterflies and Moths
Larvae of North-European Lepidoptera: http://www.kolumbus.fi/silvonen/lnel/species.htm Larvae of North-European Lepidoptera

Conifer feeders

Clifton, J. & Wheeler, J., 2012 Conifer Moths of the British Isles: a Field Guide to Coniferous-feeding Lepidoptera

Flying tonight

Fliyng tonight?: http://www.norfolkmoths.co.uk/micros.php?flightarrivals=yes&showthumbs=yes&listmonth Fliyng tonight?
What's flying tonight?: http://www.suffolkmoths.org.uk/flyingTonight.html What's flying tonight?

Host plants

Kirk, W.D.J., 1992 Insects on Cabbages and Oilseed Rape

Microscopy

The Dissection Group: http://www.dissectiongroup.co.uk The Dissection Group

on cherry trees

Leather, S.R. & Bland, K.P., 1999 Insects on cherry trees

on docks

Salt, D.T. & Whittaker, J.B., 1998 Insects on dock plants

on thistles

Redfern, M., 1995 Insects and Thistles

Plant galls

Redfern, M. & Shirley, P., 2002 British Plant Galls - Identification of galls on plants and fungi
Redfern, M. & Shirley, P., 2011 British Plant Galls
Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986 Provisional Keys to British Plant Galls

Pupae

Patocka, J. & Turcani, M., 2005 Lepidoptera Pupae: Central European Species

Stored product pests

Mound, L. (ed), 1989 Common Insects of Stored Products: a guide to their identification.

BioInfo BioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 79 general literature references to LEPIDOPTERA (butterflies and moths)

LEPIDOPTERA may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
ANIMALIA
(animals)
ARTHROPODA
(arthropods)
HEXAPODA
(hexapods)
INSECTA
(insects)

BioInfo BioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 1180 feeding and other relationships of LEPIDOPTERA (butterflies and moths)

Further Information

Lab. techniques Cremaster: Once the moth has emerged, the exuvium is available for examination and the cremaster is generally still intact. The more intricate cremasters are often strongly entangled in silk which is difficult to remove to examine the structure. A few minutes soaking in dilute KOH dissolves the silk. Unlike teasing it away with a needle, this does no damage but obviously cannot be applied to living pupae.
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