BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (UK)

PUCCINIALES Clem. & Shear (rust fungi)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Order)

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Cooke, M.C., 1872 Rust, Smut, Mildew and Mould: an introduction to the study of microscopic fungi
Cummins G.B., 1959 Illustrated Genera of Rust Fungi
Grove, W.B., 1913 The British Rust Fungi (Uredinales)
Henderson, D.M. & Bennell, A.P., 1979 British Rust Fungi: Additions and Corrections
Henderson, D.M. & Bennell, A.P., 1980 Supplemement to British Rust Fungi: Additions and Corrections
Henderson, D.M., 2000 A Checklist of the Rust Fungi of the British Isles
Henderson, D.M., 2004 The Rust Fungi of the British Isles: A Guide to Identification by their Host Plants
Termorshuizen, A.J. & Swertz, C.A., 2011 Roesten van Nederland (Dutch Rust Fungi)
Wilson, M., & Henderson, D., 1966 British Rust Fungi

Plant pathology

Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 Microfungi on Land Plants: An Identification Handbook
Moore, W.C., 1959 British Parasitic Fungi

Regional studies

Yeates, C., in prep. Yorkshire Rust Review

BioInfo BioInfo ( has 49 general literature references to PUCCINIALES (rust fungi)

PUCCINIALES may also be covered by literature listed under:

(living things)
(true fungi)
(spore droppers)
(pucciniomycete fungi)
Fungi s.l.

BioInfo BioInfo ( has 3349 feeding and other relationships of PUCCINIALES (rust fungi)

Further Information

Lab. techniques Rust spores can be examined in water or Lactophenol. The latter is better to see the pores in uredospores etc, but water is better for surface ornamentation. Be sure to allow sufficient time for the spores (esp. teliospores) to inflate. It's best to gently warm the slide to accomplish this.

When counting pores, look for breaks in the spore wall (on the profile) as well as the front and back face of the spore - beware of counting the vacuole/nucleus.
Phenology There is a general tendency for the haploid stages (pycnia and aecia) to be found in the Spring and early Summer, whle uredia and telia are mainly found in late Summer, but this is by no means the rule.
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