Pinus nigra J.F. Arnold
(Austrian pine)

Subtaxon Example images Rank Subtaxa
with images
No of
ID refs
Cone - closed - side view (Click to view)
Taxonomic hierarchy:
SpeciesPinus nigra (Austrian pine)
SubgenusPinus (Pinus) (yellow or hard (two- and three-needled) pines)
GenusPinus (pines)
FamilyPINACEAE (pines, firs, spruces, cedars, larches)
OrderPINALES (an order of conifers)
ClassPINOPSIDA (conifers)
PhylumTRACHEOPHYTA (vascular plants)
KingdomPLANTAE (plants)
DomainEukaryota (eukaryotes)
LifeBIOTA (living things)

Identification Works

BioInfo ( has 2 general literature references relevant to Pinus nigra (Austrian Pine)

Pinus nigra (Austrian Pine) may also be covered by identification literature listed under the following higher taxa:

BioInfoBioInfo ( has 112 host/parasite/foodplant and/or other relationships for Pinus nigra (Austrian Pine)
Creative Commons License
This website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International Licence.

Unless otherwise expressly stated, all original material on the BioImages website by Malcolm Storey is licensed under the above Creative Commons Licence.

Photographs from other photographers are used with permission but not included under the above CC licence.

BioImages - Virtual Field-Guide (UK)