BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (UK)

(Trees) (broadleaved and coniferous trees)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Informal)

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Blackwell, E., 2004 Some Hints on Identifying Wood in the Field
Keys (Newsletter of the B.M.S. Key-Group) No 7: Keys (Newsletter of the B.M.S. Key-Group) No 7
Mitchell, A., 1974 A Field Guide to the Trees of Britain and Northern Europe
Phillips, R., 1978 Trees in Britain, Europe and North America
Price, D. & Bersweden, L., 2013 A Winter trees: a photographic guide to common trees and shrubs
Rushforth, K., 1980 Mitchell Beazley pocket guide to Trees
Stokoe, W.J., 1960 The Observer's Book of Trees
Woodland Trust Nature Detectives: (For primary children and their teachers) Woodland Trust Nature Detectives


Edlin, H.L., 1969 What Wood is That?
Stone, H., 1920 A guide to the identification of our more useful timbers, being a manual for the use of the students of forestry

(Trees) may also be covered by literature listed under:

(living things)
(vascular plants)

BioInfo BioInfo ( has 31513 feeding and other relationships of (Trees) (broadleaved and coniferous trees)

Further Information

Uses Trees have been used throughout history and throughout the world for foodstuffs (fruit and nuts), animal feed (nuts and foliage), timber, firewood, shelter, ornament and medicine.

The following traditional poem describes the characteristics of each species when burnt as firewood:

Beech-wood fires burn bright and clear
If the logs are kept a year;
Store your beech for Christmastide
With new-cut holly laid beside;
Chestnut's only good, they say,
If for years 'tis stored away;
Birch and fir-wood burn too fast
Blaze too bright and do not last;
Flames from larch will shoot up high,
Dangerously the sparks will fly;
But ash-wood green and ash-wood brown
Are fit for a Queen with a golden crown.

Oaken logs, if dry and old,
Keep away the winter's cold;
Poplar gives a bitter smoke,
Fills your eyes and makes you choke;
Elm-wood burns like churchyard mould,
E'en the very flames are cold;
It is by the Irish said;
Hawthorn bakes the sweetest bread,
Apple-wood will scent the room,
Pear-wood smells like flowers in bloom;
But ash-wood wet and ash-wood dry
A King may warm his slippers by.

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