BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (UK)

Melampsoridium betulinum (Pers.) Kleb. (Birch Rust)

Sets of Photographs

These relate to individual finds ("biological records") of the organism.

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Kurkela, T., Hanso, M & Hantula, J., 1999 Differentiating characteristics between Melampsoridium rusts infecting birch and alder leaves

BioInfo BioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 1 general literature references to Melampsoridium betulinum (Birch Rust)

Melampsoridium betulinum may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
FUNGI S.S.
(true fungi)
BASIDIOMYCOTA
(spore droppers)
PUCCINIOMYCETES
(pucciniomycete fungi)
PUCCINIALES
(rust fungi)
Fungi s.l.

BioInfo BioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 19 feeding and other relationships of Melampsoridium betulinum (Birch Rust)

Further Information

Distribution and Frequency Widespread and common, but may include records of Melampsoridium hiratsukanum on Alder.
Creative Commons Licence
Unless otherwise expressly stated, all original material on the BioImages website by Malcolm Storey is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Licence.