BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (UK)

LAMIALES Bromhead, 1838 (dead-nettles and speedwells)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Order)

ACANTHACEAE (bear's breeches) Family 2 subtaxa  
Acanthus "Summer Beauty" (a bear's-breech)
Plants - in garden situation
Acanthus mollis L. (Bear's-breech)
Flower spikes (in bud)
BIGNONIACEAE (bean trees) Family 1 subtaxon  
Catalpa Scop. (bean trees) Genus   1 ident refs
CALCEOLARIACEAE (slipperworts) Family 1 subtaxon  
Calceolaria chelidonioides Kunth (Slipperwort)
Plant in formal gardens
LAMIACEAE (dead-nettles, mints and scented herbs)
Ajuga (bugles), eg: Ajuga chamaepitys (Ground-pine) - Plant Ballota (a genus of flowering plants), eg: Ballota nigra (Black Horehound) - Whorl of flowers in shade Clinopodium (calamints), eg: Clinopodium vulgare (Wild Basil) - Axillary whorl and flower - close-up Galeopsis (hemp-nettles), eg: Galeopsis bifida (Bifid Hemp-nettle) - Plant - in situ Glechoma hederacea (Ground-ivy), eg: Glechoma hederacea (Ground-ivy) - Plant Lamium (dead-nettles), eg: Lamium purpureum (Red Dead-nettle) - Plant Lycopus europaeus (Gypsywort), eg: Lycopus europaeus (Gypsywort) - Plant - in situ - in sun Melittis melissophyllum (Bastard Balm), eg: Melittis melissophyllum (Bastard Balm) - Plants in habitat Mentha (mints), eg: Mentha aquatica (Water Mint) - Plant - with flowers - side view Origanum (marjorams), eg: Origanum vulgare (Wild Marjoram, Oregano) - Inflorescence - top view - close-up Perovskia (Russian sage), eg: Perovskia Prunella (Bot.) (selfheals), eg: Prunella vulgaris (Selfheal) - Flower spike - top view Salvia (claries), eg: Salvia verbenaca (Wild Clary) - Plant - close-up Scutellaria (skullcaps), eg: Scutellaria minor (Lesser Skullcap) - Flowers - top view Solenostemon (coleuses), eg: Solenostemon scutellarioides (Coleus) - Display bench showing range of varieties Stachys (woundworts), eg: Stachys officinalis (Betony) - Flower head Teucrium (germanders), eg: Teucrium scorodonia (Wood Sage) - Large clump with flowers - cloudy Thymus (thymes), eg: Thymus polytrichus (Wild Thyme) - Flowering plant - in situ
Family 41 subtaxa 12 ident refs
LENTIBULARIACEAE (butterworts and bladderworts)
Pinguicula (butterworts), eg: Pinguicula vulgaris (Common Butterwort) - Flower - side view Utricularia (bladderworts), eg: Utricularia minor (Lesser Bladderwort) - Flower - top view
Family 5 subtaxa 3 ident refs
OLEACEAE (olive family)
Fraxinus (ashes), eg: Fraxinus excelsior (Ash) - Buds bursting with developing fruit below Ligustrum (privets), eg: Ligustrum vulgare (Wild Privet) - Berries on bushes
Family 4 subtaxa 2 ident refs
OROBANCHACEAE (eyebrights, cow-wheats, louseworts & broomrapes)
Euphrasia (eyebrights), eg: Euphrasia anglica (English Sticky Eyebright, Glandular Eyebright, Small-flowered Sticky Eyebright) - Plant - oblique view Lathraea clandestina (Purple Toothwort), eg: Lathraea clandestina (Purple Toothwort) - Plant Lathraea squamaria (Toothwort), eg: Lathraea squamaria (Toothwort) - Plant Melampyrum (cow-wheats), eg: Melampyrum pratense subsp. pratense (a common cow-wheat) - Flowers - top view Odontites (bartsias), eg: Odontites vernus (Red Bartsia) - Flower buds - close-up Orobanche (broomrapes), eg: Orobanche elatior (Knapweed Broomrape, Tall Broomrape) - Plant Parentucellia viscosa (Yellow Bartsia), eg: Parentucellia viscosa (Yellow Bartsia) - Plants - in situ Pedicularis (louseworts), eg: Pedicularis sylvatica subsp. sylvatica (a lousewort) - Flowering plant - top view Rhinanthus (yellow-rattles), eg: Rhinanthus minor subsp. minor (Yellow-rattle) - Inflorescence
Family 19 subtaxa 12 ident refs
PAULOWNIACEAE (foxglove trees) Family 1 subtaxon  
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Steudel (Foxglove Tree, Foxglove-tree)
PHRYMACEAE (monkeyflowers)
Mimulus (monkeyflowers), eg: Mimulus guttatus (Monkeyflower) - Plant - in situ
Family 4 subtaxa 5 ident refs
Callitriche (water-starworts), eg: Unidentified Callitriche (Unidentified Water-starworts) - Floating rosettes Chaenorhinum (a genus of flowering plants), eg: Chaenorhinum minus (Small Toadflax) - Flower and leaves - close-up Cymbalaria (ivy-leaved toadflaxes), eg: Cymbalaria muralis subsp. muralis (an ivy-leaved toadflax) - Plant Digitalis (foxgloves), eg: Digitalis purpurea (Foxglove) - Monstrous flower - side view Erinus alpinus (Fairy Foxglove), eg: Erinus alpinus (Fairy Foxglove) - Small plant - with flower Hippuris vulgaris (Mare's Tail, Mare's-tail), eg: Hippuris vulgaris (Mare's Tail, Mare's-tail) - Plants at water's edge Kickxia (fluellens), eg: Kickxia elatine (Sharp-leaved Fluellen) - Leaves, flowers and calyxes Linaria (Bot.) (toadflaxes), eg: Linaria vulgaris (Common Toadflax) - Plant Littorella uniflora (Shoreweed), eg: Littorella uniflora (Shoreweed) - Plant - in situ Misopates orontium (Weasel's-snout), eg: Misopates orontium (Weasel's-snout) - Base of plant Plantago (plantains), eg: Plantago lanceolata (Ribwort, Ribwort Plantain) - Plant Sibthorpia europaea (Cornish Moneywort), eg: Sibthorpia europaea (Cornish Moneywort) - Leaves Veronica (speedwells), eg: Veronica spicata (Spiked Speedwell) - Plant
Family 36 subtaxa 6 ident refs
Buddleja (butterfly bushes, buddlejas), eg: Buddleja davidii (Butterfly Bush, Butterfly-bush) - Flowers - close-up Nemesia (Cape-jewels), eg: Unidentified Nemesia (Unidentified Cape-jewels) - Plant - in situ Scrophularia (figworts), eg: Scrophularia vernalis (Yellow Figwort) - Plant - in situ Verbascum (mulleins), eg: Verbascum densiflorum (Dense-flowered Mullein) - Base of plant
Family 15 subtaxa 1 ident refs
VERBENACEAE (vervains) Family 2 subtaxa  
Verbena officinalis L. (Vervain)
Verbena rigida Spreng. (Slender Vervain)
?infected leaves - top surfaces

Suggested Literature

BioInfo BioInfo ( has 16 general literature references to LAMIALES (dead-nettles and speedwells)

LAMIALES may also be covered by literature listed under:

(living things)
(vascular plants)
(flowering plants)

BioInfo BioInfo ( has 2169 feeding and other relationships of LAMIALES (dead-nettles and speedwells)

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