BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (UK)

(Hyphomycetes) (moulds)

Sets of Photographs

These relate to individual finds ("biological records") of the organism.

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Informal)

Dendrospora Ingold (a genus of anamorphic fungi)
Form genus 6 subtaxa 8 ident refs
Cercosporella Sacc. (a genus of anamorphic ascomycetes) Form genus   1 ident refs
Ramularia Unger (a genus of plant-pathogenic anamorphic hyphomycetes)
Ramularia agrestis (an anamorphic fungus), eg: Ramularia agrestis (an anamorphic fungus) - Infected leaf - top surface - close-up Ramularia ajugae (an anamorphic fungus), eg: Ramularia ajugae (an anamorphic fungus) - Infected plant - in situ Ramularia beticola (a beet leaf-spot fungus), eg: Ramularia beticola (a beet leaf-spot fungus) - Leaf spots - top surface - close-up Ramularia bistortae (an anamorphic fungus), eg: Ramularia bistortae (an anamorphic fungus) - Leaf spot - under surface - close-up Ramularia calthae sensu Braun (an anamorphic ascomycete), eg: Ramularia calthae sensu Braun (an anamorphic ascomycete) - Leaf spots - close-up Ramularia gei (an anamorphic fungus), eg: Ramularia gei (an anamorphic fungus) - Leaf spot - under surface - close-up Ramularia heraclei emend U. Braun (an anamorphic fungus), eg: Ramularia heraclei emend U. Braun (an anamorphic fungus) - Leaf with numerous leaf spots Ramularia lactea (an anamorphic fungus), eg: Ramularia lactea (an anamorphic fungus) - Ramularia with putative teleomorph Ramularia rubella (an anamorphic fungus), eg: Ramularia rubella (an anamorphic fungus) - Plant with infected older leaves - in situ Ramularia sambucina (an anamorphic fungus), eg: Ramularia sambucina (an anamorphic fungus) - Lesion - leaf under surface - close-up Ramularia septata (an anamorphic fungus), eg: Ramularia septata (an anamorphic fungus) - Caespituli on leaf under surface Ramularia sphaeroidea (an anamorphic fungus), eg: Ramularia sphaeroidea (an anamorphic fungus) - Leaf spot - leaf top surface - close-up Ramularia valerianae (an anamorphic fungus), eg: Ramularia valerianae var. centranthi (an anamorphic fungus) - Leaf spots on top surface of leaf - close-up
Form genus 27 subtaxa 10 ident refs
Anguillospora Ingold (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 2 subtaxa  
Anguillospora crassa Ingold (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species    
Anguillospora longissima (Sacc. & P. Syd.) Ingold (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species   1 ident refs
Aposphaeria Berk. (a form genus of coelomycetes) Form genus 1 subtaxon  
Unidentified Aposphaeria (Unidentified Aposphaeria Coelomycetes) Unidentified    
Epicoccum Link (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 1 subtaxon  
Epicoccum nigrum Link (a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus)
Colony on dead leaf
Anamorphic Species   1 ident refs
Phialophora Medlar (a genus of anamorphic fungi)
Form genus 5 subtaxa 5 ident refs
Paecilomyces Bainier (a genus of anamorphic fungi)
Paecilomyces farinosus (an anamorphic fungus), eg: Paecilomyces farinosus (an anamorphic fungus) - Fungus
Form genus 3 subtaxa 5 ident refs
Flabellospora Alas., 1968 (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 1 subtaxon  
Flabellospora sp. 1 (ined) Ingold - ined (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species    
Oidium Link (a genus of anamorphic powdery mildews) Form genus 1 subtaxon  
Oidium lauracearum Graniti & U. Braun (an anamorphic powdery mildew) Anamorphic Species   1 ident refs
Bloxamia Berk. & Broome (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 1 subtaxon  
Bloxamia leucophthalma (Lév.) Höhn. (a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus)
Conidiomata (pale) on Hypoxylon (black)
Anamorphic Species   1 ident refs
Tricladium Ingold (a genus of anamorphic fungi)
Form genus 4 subtaxa 4 ident refs
Lemonniera De Wild. (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 2 subtaxa  
Lemonniera aquatica De Wild. (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species   1 ident refs
Lemonniera cornuta Ranzoni (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species    
Cristulariella Höhn. (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 1 subtaxon  
Cristulariella depraedans (Cooke) Höhn. (an anamorphic fungus)
Spotted leaf - under surface
Anamorphic Species   3 ident refs
Tetracladium De Wild. (a genus of anamorphic fungi)
Form genus 4 subtaxa 3 ident refs
Alatospora Ingold (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 1 subtaxon  
Alatospora acuminata Ingold (an anamorphic fungus)
Conidia
Anamorphic Species   1 ident refs
Mastigosporium Riess (a genus of anamorphic ascomycetes causing grass leaf-spots) Form genus   2 ident refs
Arthrobotrys Corda (a genus of anamorphic fungi)
Form genus 6 subtaxa 7 ident refs
Dactylella Grove (a genus of nematode parasitic fungi)
Form genus 8 subtaxa 10 ident refs
Monacrosporium Oudem. (a genus of anamorphic fungi)
Form genus 3 subtaxa 4 ident refs
Chromelosporium Corda (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 3 subtaxa  
Chromelosporium carneum (Pers.) Hennebert (an anamorphic fungus)
Conidiomata - on leaf litter
Anamorphic Species    
Chromelosporium ochraceum Corda (an anamorphic fungus)
Colony - ochraceous section - close-up
Anamorphic Species    
Chromelosporium terrestre (Fr.) M.B. Ellis (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species   1 ident refs
Refractohilum D. Hawksw. (a genus of lichenicolous anamorphic fungi) Form genus 1 subtaxon  
Refractohilum galligenum D. Hawksw. (a lichenicolous anamorphic ascomycete) Anamorphic Species   1 ident refs
Sclerococcum Fr. (a genus of lichenicolous anamorphic fungi) Form genus 1 subtaxon  
Sclerococcum sphaerale (Ach.) Fr. (a lichenicolous dematiaceous anamorphic ascomycete) Anamorphic Species   2 ident refs
Scolecobasidium E.V. Abbott (a genus of anamorphic fungi)
Form genus 3 subtaxa 5 ident refs
Chloridium Link (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus   1 ident refs
Chalara (Corda) Rabenh. (a genus of anamorphic fungi)
Form genus 1 subtaxon 3 ident refs
Acremonium Link (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus   1 ident refs
Sesquicillium W. Gams (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 1 subtaxon  
Sesquicillium buxi (J.C. Schmidt ex Link) W. Gams (an anamorphic fungus)
Under surface of dead Box leaf with mycelium
Anamorphic Species   1 ident refs
Neotyphodium Glenn., Baker & Hanlin (an anamorphic choke fungus)
Unidentified Neotyphodium (Unidentified An Anamorphic Choke Fungus), eg: Unidentified Neotyphodium (Unidentified An Anamorphic Choke Fungus) - Dematiaceous hyphomycete conidiophores
Form genus 1 subtaxon 1 ident refs
Beauveria Vuill. (a genus of anamorphic entomopathogenic fungi) Form genus   3 ident refs
Gibellula Cavara (a genus of anamorphic entomopathogenic fungi)
Form genus 2 subtaxa 2 ident refs
Isaria Fr. (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus   1 ident refs
Mycogone Link (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 2 subtaxa  
Mycogone perniciosa (Magnus) Delacr. (Mycogone Disease Of Mushrooms - causative organism) Anamorphic Species   1 ident refs
Mycogone rosea Link (an anamorphic fungus)
Infected fruitbody - close-up
Anamorphic Species   1 ident refs
Cylindrocladium Morgan (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 2 subtaxa  
Cylindrocladium buxicola Henricot (a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species   2 ident refs
Cylindrocladium parvum P.J. Anderson (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species   1 ident refs
Flagellospora Ingold (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 2 subtaxa  
Flagellospora curvula Ingold (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species   1 ident refs
Flagellospora penicillioides Ingold (a fungus) Species   1 ident refs
Fusarium Link (a genus of anamorphic fungi)
Unidentified Fusarium (Unidentified Fusarium Anamorphic Fungi), eg: Unidentified Fusarium (Unidentified Fusarium Anamorphic Fungi) - Orange coating
Form genus 16 subtaxa 16 ident refs
Volutella Fr. (a genus of anamorphic fungi)
Volutella ciliata (an anamorphic fungus), eg: Volutella ciliata (an anamorphic fungus) - In situ
Form genus 1 subtaxon 1 ident refs
Hirsutella Pat. (a genus of anamorphic entomopathogenic fungi)
Form genus 2 subtaxa 1 ident refs
Pseudomicrodochium B. Sutton (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 1 subtaxon  
Pseudomicrodochium candidum (Bres.) de Hoog (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species   1 ident refs
Stilbella Lindau (a genus of anamorphic fungi)
Stilbella erythrocephala (an anamorphic fungus), eg: Stilbella erythrocephala (an anamorphic fungus) - Synnemata - moist - lateral view
Form genus 1 subtaxon 3 ident refs
Trichothecium Link (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 1 subtaxon  
Trichothecium roseum (Pers.) Link (an anamorphic fungus)
Fungus
Anamorphic Species    
Verticillium Nees (a genus of anamorphic fungi)
Form genus 5 subtaxa 4 ident refs
Nodulisporium Preuss (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 1 subtaxon  
Nodulisporium cecidiogenes Jørg. Koch (an anamorphic fungus)
Galls on Coniophora fruitbody
Anamorphic Species   1 ident refs

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Cooke, R.C. & Godfrey, B.E.S., 1964 A Key to the Nematode-Destroying Fungi
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1998 Microfungi on Miscellaneous Substrates: An Identification Handbook
Navi, S.S., Bandyopadhyay, R., Hall, A.J. & Bramel-Cox, P.J., 1999 A Pictorial Guide for the Identification of Mold Fungi on Sorghum Grain

Aero-aquatic fungi

Descals, E. et al, 1989 Aquatic Hyphomycetes
Ingold, C.T., 1942 Aquatic hyphomycetes of decaying Alder leaves
Ingold, C.T., 1965 Hyphomycete spores from mountain torrents
Ingold, C.T., 1967 Spores from Foam
Ingold, C.T., 1968 More spores from rivers and streams
Ingold, C.T., 1975 Guide to Aquatic Hyphomycetes
Ingold, C.T., 1979 Advances in the study of so-called aquatic hyphomycetes

Dung fungi

Seifert, K., Kendrick, B. & Murase, G., 1983 A key to Hyphomycetes on dung

Generic guides

Seifert, K., Morgan-Jones, G., Gams, W. & Kendrick, B.
, 2011
The Genera of Hyphomycetes

Lichenicolous fungi

Hawksworth, D.L., Atienza, V. & Coppins, B.J., in prep. Artifical Keys to the Lichenicolous Fungi of Great Britain, Ireland, the Channel Islands, Iberian Peninsula, and Canary Islands
Hawksworth, D.L., 1979 The Lichenicolous Hyphomycetes

Plant pathology

Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 Microfungi on Land Plants: An Identification Handbook
Moore, W.C., 1959 British Parasitic Fungi

(Hyphomycetes) may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
FUNGI S.S.
(true fungi)
Anamorphic fungi
(mitosporic fungi)
Fungi s.l.

BioInfo BioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 1114 feeding and other relationships of (Hyphomycetes) (moulds)

Further Information

Notes (MWS) Hyphomycetes are an unnatural (polyphyletic) group which is, basically, a dumping ground for those fungi of which the perfect (sexual) stage is unknown. Most are ascomycetes, but their reproduction is primarily by means of asexual spores (conidia). Under the right conditions many will produce fruiting bodies and their relationships can then be ascertained; often they turn out to be species which are already known.

The true identities of the hyphomycetes are slowly being ellucidated by culturing and, more recently, DNA analysis and the classification will eventually disappear. Nevertheless "hyphomycete" remains a useful descriptive term for the asexual states of ascomycetes.
Diagnostic features Mycology has been called "The Study of Spores" and nowhere is this more the case than in the Hyphomycetes. The range of spore (conidia) shapes is truly astonishing, although one perhaps needs to have previously spent a few years studying agarics to appreciate the diversity!

The conidiophores are also of diagnostic importance.
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