BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (UK)

HELOTIALES Nannf. (an order of discomycetes and lichens)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Order)

Dactylaria Sacc. (a genus of dematiaceous anamorphic fungi)
Form genus 3 subtaxa 5 ident refs
DERMATEACEAE Fr. (a family of discomycetes)
Diplocarpon (a genus of ascomycetes), eg: Diplocarpon earlianum (Strawberry Leaf Scorch - causative organism) - Pycnidia Leptotrochila (a genus of ascomycetes), eg: Leptotrochila astrantiae (a leaf spot) - Necrotic spot - underside Pezicula (a genus of discomycetes), eg: Pezicula cinnamomea (a discomycete) - Apothecia Pyrenopeziza (a genus of discomycetes), eg: Pyrenopeziza brassicae (Brassica Light Leaf Spot Disease - causative organism) - Leaf spot - young - under surface - close-up Trochila (a genus of discomycetes), eg: Trochila ilicina (Holly Speckle) - Apothecia - dry
Family 51 subtaxa 60 ident refs
GEOGLOSSACEAE Corda (earthtongues)
Geoglossum (black earthtongues), eg: Geoglossum cookeanum (an earthtongue) - Fruitbodies Microglossum (green earthtongues), eg: Microglossum olivaceum (Olive Earthtongue) - Fruitbodies - lain down - close-up Sabuloglossum arenarium (Dune Earthtongue), eg: Sabuloglossum arenarium (Dune Earthtongue) - Fruitbody - excavated and lain down
Family 10 subtaxa 9 ident refs
Gloeotinia granigena (Quél.) T. Schumach. (Blind Seed Of Rye Grass - causative organism) Species   1 ident refs
HELOTIACEAE Rehm (a family of discomycetes)
Ascocoryne (a genus of discomycetes), eg: Ascocoryne sarcoides (Purple Jellydisc) - Apothecia Ascotremella faginea (a discomycete), eg: Ascotremella faginea (a discomycete) - Fruitbody Bisporella (a genus of discomycete fungi), eg: Bisporella citrina (Lemon Disco) - Apothecia Bloxamia (a genus of anamorphic fungi), eg: Bloxamia leucophthalma (a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus) - Conidiomata (pale) on Hypoxylon (black) Chlorociboria aeruginascens (Green Elfcup), eg: Chlorociboria aeruginascens (Green Elfcup) - Apothecia - top view Claussenomyces (a genus of discomycetes), eg: Claussenomyces prasinulus (a discomycete) - Apothecium Crocicreas (a genus of discomycetes), eg: Crocicreas coronatum (a discomycete) - Apothecium - side view Cudoniella (pins), eg: Cudoniella acicularis (Oak Pin) - Apothecia - in situ Hymenoscyphus (a genus of discomycetes), eg: Hymenoscyphus calyculus (a discomycete) - Apothecia - top view Mniaecia jungermanniae (a discomycete), eg: Mniaecia jungermanniae (a discomycete) - Apothecia among liverwort thalli Neobulgaria (a genus of jellydiscs), eg: Neobulgaria pura var. pura (Beech Jellydisc) - Fruitbodies - top view
Family 76 subtaxa 73 ident refs
HEMIPHACIDIACEAE Korf (a family of discomycetes)
Heyderia abietis (a discomycete), eg: Heyderia abietis (a discomycete) - Fruitbody
Family 4 subtaxa 5 ident refs
HYALOSCYPHACEAE Nannf. (a family of discomycetes)
Arachnopeziza (a genus of discomycetes), eg: Arachnopeziza aurelia (a discomycete) - Apothecia Belonidium (a genus of discomycetes), eg: Belonidium sulphureum (a discomycete) - Apothecia - top view Calycina herbarum (a discomycete), eg: Calycina herbarum (a discomycete) - Apothecia Eriopezia caesia (a discomycete), eg: Eriopezia caesia (a discomycete) - Ascus and paraphyses Lachnellula (a genus of discomycetes), eg: Lachnellula occidentalis (Larch Disco) - Apothecia Lachnum (a genus of discomycetes), eg: Lachnum niveum (a discomycete) - Apothecia Phialina (a genus of discomycetes), eg: Phialina lachnobrachya (a discomycete) - Apothecia Pithyella erythrostigma (a discomycete), eg: Pithyella erythrostigma (a discomycete) - Apothecia - top view Polydesmia pruinosa (a discomycete), eg: Polydesmia pruinosa (a discomycete) - Apothecia
Family 58 subtaxa 50 ident refs
Lemonniera De Wild. (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 2 subtaxa  
Lemonniera aquatica De Wild. (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species   1 ident refs
Lemonniera cornuta Ranzoni (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species    
LORAMYCETACEAE Dennis ex Digby & Goos (a family of ascomycetes) Family 1 subtaxon  
Loramyces W. Weston (a genus of ascomycetes) Genus   1 ident refs
Margaritispora aquatica Ingold (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species   1 ident refs
Mirandina arnaudii P.M. Kirk (a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species   3 ident refs
Mirandina corticola G. Arnaud ex Matsush. (a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species   3 ident refs
PHACIDIACEAE Fr. (a family of discomycetes) Family 3 subtaxa  
Phacidium multivalve (DC.) Kunze & J.C. Schmidt (a discomycete) Species   1 ident refs
Phacidium pusillum Lib. (a discomycete) Species   1 ident refs
Unidentified Phacidiaceae (Unidentified Phacidiacean Discomycetes) Unidentified    
Phragmiticola rhopalospermum (Kirschst.) Sherwood (a discomycete) Species   1 ident refs
Rhynchosporium orthosporum Caldwell (a stromatic coelomycete) Anamorphic Species   1 ident refs
Rhynchosporium secalis (Oudem.) Davis (Leaf Blotch or Scald Of Grasses - causative organism) Anamorphic Species   1 ident refs
RUTSTROEMIACEAE Holst-Jensen, L.M. Kohn & T. Schumach. (a family of discomycetes)
Lanzia (a genus of discomycetes), eg: Lanzia luteovirescens (a discomycete) - Apothecium - side view Rutstroemia (a genus of discomycetes), eg: Rutstroemia firma (Brown Cup) - Apothecia - side and top views
Family 11 subtaxa 8 ident refs
SCLEROTINIACEAE Whetzel (a family of discomycetes)
Botrytis (a genus of dematiaceous anamorphic fungi), eg: Botrytis cinerea (Grey Mould, Soft Rot Of Fruit,  Tomato Ghost Spot Disease - causative organism) - Dung with mycelium Ciboria (a genus of discomycetes), eg: Ciboria caucus (Alder Goblet) - Apothecia - top views Cristulariella (a genus of anamorphic fungi), eg: Cristulariella depraedans (an anamorphic fungus) - Spotted leaf - under surface Dumontinia tuberosa (Anemone Cup), eg: Dumontinia tuberosa (Anemone Cup) - Apothecia - top view Encoelia (a genus of discomycete fungi), eg: Encoelia furfuracea (Spring Hazelcup) - Apothecia Mitrula (a genus of ascomycete fungi), eg: Mitrula paludosa (Bog Beacon) - Fruitbody - side view Monilinia (a genus of discomycete fungi), eg: Monilinia fructigena (Apple Brown Rot - causative organism) - Sporodochia Myriosclerotinia (a genus of ascomycete fungi), eg: Myriosclerotinia curreyana (a discomycete) - Apothecia - in situ
Family 31 subtaxa 42 ident refs
Scytalidium Pesante (a genus of ascomycetes) Form genus 1 subtaxon  
Scytalidium thermophilum (Cooney & R. Emers.) Austwick (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species   1 ident refs
Spirosphaera Beverw. (a genus of anamorphic ascomycetes) Form genus   1 ident refs
Tetracladium De Wild. (a genus of anamorphic fungi)
Form genus 4 subtaxa 3 ident refs
Thedgonia bellocensis (C. Massal. & Sacc.) U. Braun (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species   1 ident refs
Thedgonia ligustrina (Boerema) B. Sutton (an anamorphic fungus)
Leaf spot - under surface
Anamorphic Species   3 ident refs
VIBRISSEACEAE Korf (a family of discomycetes) Family 2 subtaxa  
Anavirga dendromorpha Descals & B. Sutton (an aquatic anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species   1 ident refs
Vibrissea truncorum (Alb. & Schwein.) Fr. (a discomycete)
Fruitbodies - side views - close-up
Species    

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Dennis, R.W.G., 1956 A Revision of the British Helotiaceae in the Herbarium of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, with notes on related European species

BioInfo BioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 65 general literature references to HELOTIALES (an order of discomycetes and lichens)

HELOTIALES may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
FUNGI S.S.
(true fungi)
ASCOMYCOTA
(spore shooters)
Discomycetes (via Helotiales) Fungi s.l.

BioInfo BioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 2886 feeding and other relationships of HELOTIALES (an order of discomycetes and lichens)

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