BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (UK)

Ficaria verna Huds. (Lesser Celandine)

Sets of Photographs

These relate to individual finds ("biological records") of the organism.

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Species)

Suggested Literature

BioInfo BioInfo ( has 1 general literature references to Ficaria verna (Lesser Celandine)

Ficaria verna may also be covered by literature listed under:

(living things)
(vascular plants)
(flowering plants)

BioInfo BioInfo ( has 19 feeding and other relationships of Ficaria verna (Lesser Celandine)

Further Information

Notes (MWS) Familiar early spring woodland flowers. The stored energy in its tubers enables it to get flowering over before the canopy closes.

A species complex comprising Ficaria verna s.s. with a chromosome number of 2n=16 (diploid) and several tetraploids with 2n=32. Triploids (2n=24) also occur and are presumed to be hybrids between Ficaria verna s.s. and one of the tetraploids.

There are also numerous (>20) garden varieties with larger and/or differently coloured petals, bronze foliage, flore pleno etc. Some of these may escape, introgress or be thrown out with garden rubbish.
Characters to note in the field To distinguish the subspecies, look for:
bulbils in the axils
whether abundant or very little seed is formed
petal length
empty pollen grains (microscope)
no of chloroplasts per stomatal guard cell (microscope)

The bulbils are about the size and colour of a grain of wheat. Unfortunately these only become obvious after flowering. However, peeling back the petiole on the lowest leaves will reveal small pale bulbils even while still in flower. If there is no sign of bulbils in the lowest axils by the time the first petals have dropped, the plant can safely be taken to be non-bulbiliferous.
Creative Commons Licence
Unless otherwise expressly stated, all original material on the BioImages website by Malcolm Storey is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Licence.