BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (UK)

Centranthus ruber (L.) DC. (Red Valerian, Spur Valerian)

Sets of Photographs

These relate to individual finds ("biological records") of the organism.

Suggested Literature

Centranthus ruber may be covered by literature listed under:

(living things)
(vascular plants)
(flowering plants)

BioInfo BioInfo ( has 6 feeding and other relationships of Centranthus ruber (Red Valerian, Spur Valerian)

Further Information

Notes (MWS) A striking garden escape which flourishes on waste ground, cliffs and dunes, as well as walls and roadsides where it is often planted, particularly in the West Country.

There are four flower-colour forms: magenta, red, brick and white.

On summer evenings, the unpleasant smell of the flowers imbues Cornish lanes with a strong odour like stale dog dung.

The fruits are wind dispersed, with a feathery pappus like the ribs of an umbrella, which slowly unfurls as the fruit ripens.
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