BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (UK)

NEMERTEA (proboscis worms, ribbon worms)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Phylum)

ANOPLA Schultze, 1851 (a class of ribbon worms) Class  
HETERONEMERTEA (an order of ribbon worms) Order  
LINEIDAE (a family of ribbon worms) Family  
Lineus longissimus (Gunnerus, 1770) (Bootlace Worm)
In situ - under lifted rock
Lineus ruber (Müller, 1774) (a ribbon worm)
On mud as found - close-up
ENOPLA Schultze, 1851 (a class of ribbon worms) Class  
HOPLONEMERTEA (an order of ribbon worms) Order  
PROSORHOCHMIDAE (smiling worms) Family  
Argonemertes dendyi (Dakin, 1915) (a terrestrial smiling worm)
Animal in semi-contracted state - dorso-lateral view
Species 1 ident refs
Prosorhochmus claparedii Keferstein, 1862 (a smiling worm)
Dorsal view
Species 1 ident refs

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Gibson, R., 1982 British Nemerteans
Gibson, R., 1994 Nemerteans (2nd ed)
British Marine Life Pictures: British Marine Life Pictures
Flatworm Zoo: Flatworm Zoo


Gibson, R. & Moore, J., 1976 Freshwater Nemerteans
European Limnofauna: European Limnofauna


Fish, J.D. & Fish, S., 2011 A Student's Guide to the Seashore
Gibson, R., Hextall, B. & Rogers, A., 2001 Photographic Guide to the Sea & Shore Life of Britain & North-west Europe
Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (eds), 1990 The Marine Fauna of the British Isles and north-west Europe
Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (eds), 1996 Handbook of the Marine Fauna of North-West Europe
McIntosh, W.C., 1873 A monograph of the British marine annelids
Encyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland: Encyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland

Planktonic larval stages

Conway, D.V.P., 2012 Marine zooplankton of southern Britain. Part 1: Radiolaria, Heliozoa, Foraminifera, Ciliophora, Cnidaria, Ctenophora, Platyhelminthes, Nemertea, Rotifera and Mollusca

Planktonic stages

Todd, C.D., Laverack, M.S. & Boxshall, G., 1996 Coastal Marine Zooplankton: A Practical Manual for Students


Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. & Sankey, J., 1961 Land Invertebrates, a guide to British worms, molluscs and arthropods, excluding insects

BioInfo BioInfo ( has 3 general literature references to NEMERTEA (proboscis worms, ribbon worms)

NEMERTEA may also be covered by literature listed under:

(living things)

BioInfo BioInfo ( has 23 feeding and other relationships of NEMERTEA (proboscis worms, ribbon worms)

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