Geastrum triplex Jungh.
(collared earthstar)

Taxonomic hierarchy:
SpeciesGeastrum triplex (collared earthstar)
GenusGeastrum (earthstars)
FamilyGEASTRACEAE (earthstars)
OrderGEASTRALES (earth-stars)
SubclassPHALLOMYCETIDAE (a subclass of basidiomycetes)
ClassAGARICOMYCETES (a class of fungi)
SubphylumAGARICOMYCOTINA
PhylumBASIDIOMYCOTA (spore droppers)
KingdomFUNGI (true fungi)
DomainEukaryota (eukaryotes)
LifeBIOTA (living things)
Records of Geastrum triplex (Collared Earthstar) :
1: Geastrum triplex (Collared Earthstar)
19 Dec 2014 OSGR: SU00 50° 50' N, 1° 60' W Vice County: Dorset (VC 9) England
in needle litter under Pine and Hazel
Image 1: Fruitbody - lateral viewImage 2: Fruitbody - lateral view (2)Image 3: Fruitbody - lateral view (3)Image 4: Fruitbody - lateral view - white backgroundImage 5: Fruitbody - lateral view - white background (2)Image 6: Fruitbody - oblique viewImage 7: Group of 5 fruitbodies in mid-January - oblique viewImage 8: Group of 5 fruitbodies in mid-January - top viewImage 9: Peristome - oblique view - close-up - enlargedImage 10: Peristome - top view - close-up - enlargedImage 11: Spores - magnifiedImage 12: Spores - magnified (2)Image 13: Spores - highly magnifiedImage 14: Spores - highly magnified (2)Image 15: Spores - highly magnified (3)Image 16: Spores - highly magnified (4)
2: Geastrum triplex (Collared Earthstar)
15 Nov 2014 OSGR: SU40 50° 50' N, 1° 20' W Vice County: South Hants (VC 11) England
on wood chip on flower beds
Image 1: Fruitbodies - unopened and openedImage 2: Fruitbody - unopened - side viewImage 3: Fruitbody - unopened - top view
3: Geastrum triplex (Collared Earthstar)
11 Oct 2014 OSGR: SU32 51° 0' N, 1° 30' W Vice County: South Hants (VC 11) England
under Aesculus x dallimorei & Juniperus × pfitzeriana 'Mordigan Gold'
Image 1: Fruitbodies - top viewImage 2: Fruitbody - oblique viewImage 3: Fruitbody - side viewImage 4: Fruitbody - side view (2)Image 5: Fruitbody - side view (3)Image 6: Fruitbody - top viewImage 7: Fruitbody - top view (2)Image 8: Capillitium - magnified - white backgroundImage 9: Capillitium - highly magnified - white backgroundImage 10: Capillitium - highly magnified - white background (2)Image 11: Spores - magnified - white backgroundImage 12: Spores - magnified - white background (2)Image 13: Spores - highly magnified - white backgroundImage 14: Spores - highly magnified - white background (2)Image 15: Spores - highly magnified - white background (3)
4: Geastrum triplex (Collared Earthstar)
29 Oct 2006 OSGR: SU56 51° 20' N, 1° 10' W Vice County: Berks (VC 22) England
in garden . Photos: Fruitbodies and onion-shaped button
Image 1: Fruitbodies - in situImage 2: Fruitbodies - opening and about to open - side view - close-upImage 3: Fruitbodies - opening and about to open - top view - close-upImage 4: Fruitbody - about to open - LS - close-up
5: Geastrum triplex (Collared Earthstar)
21 Oct 2004 OSGR: SO71 51° 50' N, 2° 20' W Vice County: West Glos (VC 34) England
in hedge bottom under Field Maple
Image 1: Side viewImage 2: Top viewImage 3: Top view - close-upImage 4: Underside
6: Geastrum triplex (Collared Earthstar)
20 Oct 2001 OSGR: SU67 51° 30' N, 1° 0' W Vice County: Berks (VC 22) England
broad-collared form
Image 1: Fruitbodies - in situImage 2: Fruitbody - just openingImage 3: Fruitbody - side viewImage 4: Fruitbody - top viewImage 5: Fruitbody - top view (2)
7: Geastrum triplex (Collared Earthstar)
7 Oct 2001 OSGR: SU18 51° 40' N, 1° 40' W Vice County: North Wilts (VC 7) England
Image 1: Unopened fruitbody
8: Geastrum triplex (Collared Earthstar)
15 Oct 1997 OSGR: SU67 51° 30' N, 1° 0' W Vice County: Berks (VC 22) England
under hazel, ash
Image 1: Side viewImage 2: Side view - close-upImage 3: Top viewImage 4: Under-side
9: Geastrum triplex (Collared Earthstar)
22 Oct 1983 OSGR: SO81 51° 50' N, 2° 10' W Vice County: East Glos (VC 33) England
Image 1: Side viewImage 2: Top view - close-upImage 3: Top view - in situImage 4: Description
10: Geastrum triplex (Collared Earthstar)
20 Oct 1980 OSGR: SU17 51° 30' N, 1° 50' W Vice County: North Wilts (VC 7) England
Under Beech, pine
Image 1: Fruitbody - in situ
11: Geastrum triplex (Collared Earthstar)
28 Oct 1979 OSGR: SU93 51° 10' N, 0° 40' W Vice County: Surrey (VC 17) England
fresh specimens
Image 1: Large specimensImage 2: Small specimensImage 3: Capillitium - highly magnifiedImage 4: Capillitium tip - from small specimen - highly magnifiedImage 5: Spores - highly magnifiedImage 6: Spores - highly magnified (2)Image 7: DescriptionImage 8: Description - large specimensImage 9: Description - smaller specimens
12: Geastrum triplex (Collared Earthstar)
20 Oct 1978 OSGR: SU94 51° 10' N, 0° 40' W Vice County: Surrey (VC 17) England
on disturbed bottle dump
Image 1: Mature fruitbodyImage 2: Mature fruitbody (2)Image 3: Mature fruitbody - oblique viewImage 4: Young fruitbody
13: Geastrum triplex (Collared Earthstar)
25 Oct 1975 OSGR: SU57 51° 30' N, 1° 10' W Vice County: Berks (VC 22) England
mature specimens
Image 1: Fully open - oblique viewImage 2: Fully open - oblique view (2)Image 3: Fully open - side viewImage 4: Two fruitbodies
14: Geastrum triplex (Collared Earthstar)
26 Apr 1975 OSGR: SU57 51° 30' N, 1° 10' W Vice County: Berks (VC 22) England
old specimens
Image 1: Old specimen - side viewImage 2: Old specimen - side view (2)Image 3: Old specimen - side view (3)

Identification Works

BioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 2 general literature references relevant to Geastrum triplex (Collared Earthstar)

Geastrum triplex (Collared Earthstar) may also be covered by identification literature listed under the following higher taxa:

BioInfoBioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 4 host/parasite/foodplant and/or other relationships for Geastrum triplex (Collared Earthstar)
The commonest earth-star fungus. Often found under yews and other conifers in churchyards etc,
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