BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (UK)

GASTROPODA Cuvier, 1795 (slugs and snails)

Further Information

Lab. techniques To prepare microscope slides of the radulum:

1. Gently cut off or extract the head region of the dead snail.
2. Macerate in 5% KOH in a hot waterbath until the tissues disintegrate, (about 10 mins for a small snail)
3. Find the radulum (not always easy! Even adding Safranin to the alkali doesn't help)
4. Stain in Safranin
5. Wash
6. Make a temporary mount in lactophenol (but this tends to dissolve out the stain: need to experiment with other stains eg Lignin Pink)


Rank Taxon #subtaxa #photos #macrophotos #microphotos #refs

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Cameron, R.A.D. & Redfern, M., 1976 British Land Snails
Macan, T.T. & Cooper, R.D., 1960 A Key to the British Fresh- and Brackish-Water Gastropods
Morton, J.E. & Machin, J., 1959 (Land snails) A key to the Land snails of the Flatford Area, Suffolk
Wardhaugh, A.A., 1989 Land Snails of the British Isles
Cercle de Mycologie de Mons (Belgique): (Page perso de JJ. Wuilbaut): Cercle de Mycologie de Mons (Belgique): (Page perso de JJ. Wuilbaut)


Janus, H., 1965 The Young Specialist looks at Molluscs


UK Seashells: UK Seashells
Newell, G.E. & Newell, R.C., 1973 (larvae) Marine Plankton - a practical guide

Planktonic larvae

Apstein, C. & Brandt, K.A.H. (eds), 1901 Tunicata, Mollusca


Janus, H., 1965 The Young Specialist looks at Molluscs

BioInfo BioInfo ( has 49 general literature references to GASTROPODA (slugs and snails)

GASTROPODA may also be covered by literature listed under:

(living things)
(slugs, snails, bivalves, octopus, sea slugs)

BioInfo BioInfo ( has 130 feeding and other relationships of GASTROPODA (slugs and snails)

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