BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (UK)

GASTROPODA Cuvier, 1795 (slugs and snails)

Further Information

Lab. techniques To prepare microscope slides of the radulum:

1. Gently cut off or extract the head region of the dead snail.
2. Macerate in 5% KOH in a hot waterbath until the tissues disintegrate, (about 10 mins for a small snail)
3. Find the radulum (not always easy! Even adding Safranin to the alkali doesn't help)
4. Stain in Safranin
5. Wash
6. Make a temporary mount in lactophenol (but this tends to dissolve out the stain: need to experiment with other stains eg Lignin Pink)

Subtaxa

Rank Taxon #subtaxa #photos #macrophotos #microphotos #refs
Order ACOCHLIDIACEA Odhner, 1937 (an order of marine gastropods)         1
Order ANASPIDEA Fischer, 1883 (an order of molluscs) 1 3 9   4
Order ARCHITAENIOGLOSSA Haller, 1892 (an order of molluscs) 2   4   5
Family CALLIOSTOMATIDAE Thiele, 1924 (1847) (a family of molluscs) 1 27     2
Family CARYCHIIDAE Jeffreys, 1830 (a family of molluscs) 1   18   1
Order CEPHALASPIDEA P. Fischer, 1883 (an order of molluscs) 1   30    
Family COCHLICELLIDAE Schileyko, 1972 (a family of molluscs) 1 5 4    
Order ECTOBRANCHIA Fischer, 1884 (an order of molluscs) 1       1
Order HETEROSTROPHA (an order of molluscs) 3   10   5
Family HYGROMIIDAE Tryon, 1866 (a family of molluscs) 4 10 14    
Order HYGROPHILA FĂ©russac, 1822 (an order of molluscs) 19 77 40 5 8
Genus Lauria Gray in Turton, 1840 (a genus of molluscs) 1   5    
Order LITTORINIMORPHA Golikov & Starobogatov, 1975 (an order of molluscs) 26 156 224 8 16
Order NEOTAENIOGLOSSA Haller, 1892 (an order of molluscs) 7 12 1   11
Order NUDIBRANCHIA Cuvier, 1817 (sea slugs) 13 220 26   8
Order OPISTHOBRANCHIA (opisthobranchs) 2       11
Order PATELLOGASTROPODA (an order of molluscs) 5 46 17   2
Family PATULIDAE (a family of molluscs) 1 2      
Order PLEUROBRANCHOMORPHA (an order of marine gastropods) 1 10     2
Subclass PROSOBRANCHIA Milne-Edwards, 1848 (operculate molluscs) 14 160 34   28
Subclass PULMONATA (slugs and snails) 35 242 83 5 54
Order SACOGLOSSA Ihering, 1876 (an order of marine gastropods) 3 30 72   4
Order SYSTELLOMMATOPHORA Pilsbry, 1948 (an order of molluscs) 1 1      

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Cameron, R.A.D. & Redfern, M., 1976 British Land Snails
Macan, T.T. & Cooper, R.D., 1960 A Key to the British Fresh- and Brackish-Water Gastropods
Morton, J.E. & Machin, J., 1959 (Land snails) A key to the Land snails of the Flatford Area, Suffolk
Wardhaugh, A.A., 1989 Land Snails of the British Isles
Cercle de Mycologie de Mons (Belgique): (Page perso de JJ. Wuilbaut): http://users.skynet.be/jjw.myco.mons Cercle de Mycologie de Mons (Belgique): (Page perso de JJ. Wuilbaut)

Freshwater

Janus, H., 1965 The Young Specialist looks at Molluscs

Marine

UK Seashells: http://www.fredandsarah.plus.com/ukseashells UK Seashells
Plankton
Newell, G.E. & Newell, R.C., 1973 (larvae) Marine Plankton - a practical guide

Planktonic larvae

Apstein, C. & Brandt, K.A.H. (eds), 1901 Tunicata, Mollusca

Terrestrial

Janus, H., 1965 The Young Specialist looks at Molluscs

BioInfo BioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 51 general literature references to GASTROPODA (slugs and snails)

GASTROPODA may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
ANIMALIA
(animals)
MOLLUSCA
(slugs, snails, bivalves, octopus, sea slugs)

BioInfo BioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 139 feeding and other relationships of GASTROPODA (slugs and snails)

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