BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (UK)

PORIFERA Grant, 1836 (sponges)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Phylum)

CALCAREA Bowerbank, 1862 (a class of sponges) Class  
LEUCOSOLENIDA Hartman, 1958 (an order of sponges) Order  
GRANTIIDAE Dendy, 1893 (purse sponges) Family  
Grantia compressa (Fabricius, 1780) (Purse Sponge)
Sponge - side view - close-up
Species  
SYCETTIDAE Dendy, 1893 (a family of calcareous sponges) Family  
Sycon ciliatum (Fabricius, 1780) (a calcareous sponge)
Large individuals
Species  
DEMOSPONGIAE Sollas, 1885 (a class of sponges)
TETRACTINOMORPHA (a subclass of non-calcareous sponges), eg: Haliclona (Haliclona) oculata (Mermaid's Glove) - Spongin fibres with spicules within
Class 1 ident refs
Unidentified Porifera (Unidentified Sponges)
Sponge - in situ
Unidentified  

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Bowerbank, J.S., 1864 A Monograph of the British Spongiadae Vols I-IV
British Marine Life Pictures: http://www.britishmarinelifepictures.co.uk/gallery.html British Marine Life Pictures

Freshwater

European Limnofauna: http://wbd.etibioinformatics.nl/bis/limno.php European Limnofauna

Marine

Ackers, R.G., Moss, D. & Picton, B.E., 1992 Sponges of the British Isles - A colour guide and working document
Ackers, R.G., Moss, D., Picton, B.E., Stone, S.M.K. & Morrow, C.C., 2007 Sponges of the British Isles ("Sponge V") - A colour guide and working document
Fish, J.D. & Fish, S., 2011 A Student's Guide to the Seashore
Gibson, R., Hextall, B. & Rogers, A., 2001 Photographic Guide to the Sea & Shore Life of Britain & North-west Europe
Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (eds), 1990 The Marine Fauna of the British Isles and north-west Europe
Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (eds), 1996 (littoral and sublittoral fauna) Handbook of the Marine Fauna of North-West Europe
Naylor, P., 2005 Great British Marine Animals
Encyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland: http://www.habitas.org.uk/marinelife/ Encyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland
Picton, B.E., Morrow, C. & van Soest, R., 2007 Sponges of Britain and Ireland
Sponges of Britain and Ireland: http://www.habitas.org.uk/marinelife/sponge_guide/ Sponges of Britain and Ireland
Wood, C., 2007 Seasearch Observer's Guide to Marine Life of Britain and Ireland

BioInfo BioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 1 general literature references to PORIFERA (sponges)

PORIFERA may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
ANIMALIA
(animals)

BioInfo BioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 6 feeding and other relationships of PORIFERA (sponges)

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