BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (UK)

SYMPHYTA (sawflies)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Suborder)

CEPHOIDEA (a superfamily of sawflies)
CEPHIDAE (stem sawflies), eg: Calameuta pallipes (a stem sawfly) - Female - dorsal view
Superfamily 4 subtaxa 1 ident refs
MEGALODONTOIDEA (a superfamily of sawflies) Superfamily   1 ident refs
ORUSSOIDEA (a superfamily of sawflies) Superfamily   1 ident refs
PAMPHILIOIDEA (a superfamily of sawflies) Superfamily 1 subtaxon  
PAMPHILIIDAE (a family of sawflies) Family 1 subtaxon  
Neurotoma saltuum (Linnaeus, 1758) (a sawfly)
Webs on Hawthorn
SIRICOIDEA (woodwasps)
SIRICIDAE (a family of woodwasps), eg: Urocerus gigas (Greater Horntail Wasp) - Dorsal view - wings apart
Superfamily 2 subtaxa 2 ident refs
TENTHREDINOIDEA (a superfamily of sawflies)
ARGIDAE (a family of sawflies), eg: Arge melanochra (a sawfly) - Female - dorsal view CIMBICIDAE (clubhorned sawflies), eg: Abia sericea (a clubhorned sawfly) - Male - dorsal view - wings apart DIPRIONIDAE (a family of sawflies), eg: Diprion pini (a pine sawfly) - Female - dorsal view TENTHREDINIDAE (a family of sawflies), eg: Tenthredo (Tenthredo) brevicornis (a sawfly) - Female - dorsal view
Superfamily 106 subtaxa 72 ident refs
XYELOIDEA (a superfamily of sawflies) Superfamily   1 ident refs
Unidentified Symphyta (Unidentified Sawflies)
Dorsal view - wings apart

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Sawflies discussion group: Sawflies discussion group
Benson, R.B., 1951 Hymenoptera: 2. Symphyta. Section (a)
Benson, R.B., 1952 Hymenoptera: 2. Symphyta. Section (b)
Benson, R.B., 1958 Hymenoptera: 2. Symphyta. Section (c)
Berland, L., 1947 Hyménoptères Tenthredoïdes
Cameron, P., 1882 A Monograph of the British Phytophagous Hymenoptera (Tenthredo, Sirex and Cynips, Linne.)
Sawfly Study Group Newsletter Journal
Sheppard, D.A., in prep. Introduction to Sawflies (Draft)
Wright, A., 1990 British Sawflies: a key to the adults of genera occurring in Britain

on cherry trees

Leather, S.R. & Bland, K.P., 1999 Insects on cherry trees

Plant galls

British Galls: British Galls

BioInfo BioInfo ( has 15 general literature references to SYMPHYTA (sawflies)

SYMPHYTA may also be covered by literature listed under:

(living things)
(insects and other 6-legged organisms)
(true insects)
(ants, bees and wasps, sawflies and parasitoid wasps)

BioInfo BioInfo ( has 1079 feeding and other relationships of SYMPHYTA (sawflies)

Further Information

Lab. techniques The saw is often needed to confirm identification of female sawflies. As it becomes quite brittle when dry it is best everted when fresh.

This can be quite tricky. The specimen should be temporarily pinned on its back and the saw can then be rotated upwards by 90° from between the two valves of the saw sheath. A mounted micropin (perhaps with a hooked tip) and/or very fine forceps are needed. Once it pops out it can be encouraged to stay by gently pressing at the base (in the crook of the "elbow"). The specimen can then be pinned in the normal orientation and left to dry with the saw pressing gently against the plastazote.
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