BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (UK)

PTERIDOPHYTA (ferns and allies)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Phylum)

CALAMOPHYTA (horsetails) Class   1 ident refs
EQUISETOPSIDA (a class of horsetails)
EQUISETALES (an order of horsetails), eg: Equisetum telmateia (Great Horsetail) - Plant - in situ
Class 5 subtaxa 2 ident refs
FILICOPSIDA (leptosporangiate ferns)
Class 1 subtaxon 7 ident refs
POLYPODIOPSIDA (a class of ferns)
HYMENOPHYLLALES (an order of ferns), eg: Hymenophyllum tunbrigense (Tunbridge Filmy Fern, Tunbridge Filmy-fern) - Frond - close-up OSMUNDALES (an order of ferns), eg: Osmunda regalis (Royal Fern) - Plant growing beside river - in situ POLYPODIALES (an order of ferns), eg: Polystichum setiferum (Soft Shield-fern) - Plant SALVINALES (an order of ferns), eg: Pilularia globulifera (Pillwort) - Plant - side view
Class 46 subtaxa 38 ident refs
PSILOTOPSIDA (a class of ferns) Class 2 subtaxa  
OPHIOGLOSSALES (an order of ferns) Order 2 subtaxa  
OPHIOGLOSSACEAE (adder’s tongues and moonworts) Family 2 subtaxa  
Botrychium lunaria (L.) Sw. (Moonwort)
Plant - in situ - side view
Ophioglossum L. (adder's-tongue ferns)
Ophioglossum vulgatum (Adder’S Tongue, Adder's-tongue), eg: Ophioglossum vulgatum (Adder’S Tongue, Adder's-tongue) - Plant
Genus 1 subtaxon 1 ident refs

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Irish Wildflowers: Irish Wildflowers
Blamey, M. & Fitter, R. & A., 2003 Wild Flowers of Britain and Ireland
Brightman, F.H. & Nicholson, B.E., 1966 The Oxford Book of Flowerless Plants
Butcher, R.W., 1961 A New Illustrated British Flora (2 vols)
Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. & Moore, D.M., 1985 Flora of the British Isles
Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. & Warburg, E.F., 1962 Flora of the British Isles
Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. & Warburg, E.F., 1968 Excursion of Flora of the British Isles
Fitter, R., Fitter, A. & Farrer, A., 1984 Grasses, Sedges, Rushes & Ferns of Britain and Northern Europe
Frey, W. Frahm, J.-P., Fischer, E. & Lobin, W., 2006 The Liverworts, Mosses and Ferns of Europe
Hyde, H.A., Wade, A.E. & Harrison, S.G., 1969 Welsh Ferns, Clubmosses, Quillworts and Horsetails
Jahns, H.M., 1980 (Most British species illustrated) Ferns, Mossses and Lichens of Britain, Northern & Central Europe
Jermy, C & Camus, J., 1991 The Illustrated Field Guide to ferns and Allied Plants of the British Isles
Flora of Northern Ireland: Flora of Northern Ireland
Page, C.N., 1982 The Ferns of Britain and Ireland
Page, C.N., 1997 The Ferns of Britain and Ireland
Phillips, R., 1980 Grasses, Ferns, Mosses and Lichens of Great Britain and Ireland
Ferns in Hampshire: Ferns in Hampshire
Rich, T.C.G. & Jermy, C., 1998 Plant Crib 1998
Rich, T.C.G. & Jermy, C., 2012 Plant Crib 2012
Rich, T.C.G. & M.D.B. & Perring, F.H., 1988 Plant Crib
Rose, F., 1989 Colour Identification Guide to Grasses, Sedges, Rushes and Ferns of the British Isles and north-western Europe
Stace, C., 1997 New Flora of the British Isles (Ed 2)
Stace, C., 1999 Field Flora of the British Isles
Stace, C., 2010 New Flora of the British Isles (Ed 3)
Step, E., 1945 Wayside and Woodland Ferns
Wiggington, M.J. & Graham, G.G., 1981 Guide to the Identification of some of the more Difficult Vascular Plant Species


Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. & Warburg, E.F. (Roles, S.J. del), 1957 Flora of the British Isles: Illustrations
Clement, E.J., Smith, D.P.J. & Thirlwell, I.R., 2005 Illustrations of Alien Plants of the British Isles
Fitch, W.H. & Smith, W.G., 1949 Illustrations of the British Flora


Punt, W., Blackmore, S., Hoen, P. & Stafford, P. The Northwest European Pollen Flora

BioInfo BioInfo ( has 25 general literature references to PTERIDOPHYTA (ferns and allies)

PTERIDOPHYTA may also be covered by literature listed under:

(living things)

BioInfo BioInfo ( has 472 feeding and other relationships of PTERIDOPHYTA (ferns and allies)

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